NO. 99771-3.

524 P.3d 181 (2023)


Supreme Court of Washington, EN BANC.

Filed February 9, 2023.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Jeremiah Miller , Fair Work Center & Working Washington, 116 Warren Ave. N. Ste. A, Seattle, WA, 98109-4977, Derrick Anthony De Vera , Wash. State House of Representatives, P. O. Box 40600, Olympia, WA, 98504-0600, Stacey Leyton , P. Casey Pitts , Altshuler Berzon LLP, 177 Post Street, Suite 300, San Francisco, CA, 94108-4797, Jessica Lynn Zornes Leiser , Seattle City Attorney's Office, 701 5th Ave. Ste. 2050, Seattle, WA, 98104-7095, for Petitioner.

Robert M. McKenna , Daniel J. Dunne Jr. , Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP, 401 Union St. Ste. 3300, Seattle, WA, 98101, Daniel A. Rubens , Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe, 51 West 52nd Street, New York, NY, 10019, for Respondent.

Darin M. Dalmat , Barnard Iglitzin & Lavitt LLP, 18 W. Mercer St. Ste. 400, Seattle, WA, 98119-3971, for Amici Curiae on behalf of National Employment Law Project, Economic Policy Institute, Jobs With Justice Education Fund, National Council for Occupational Safety and Health, Public Rights Project.

Joseph Zachary Lell , Andrew Thomas Pollom , Ogden Murphy Wallace PLLC, 901 5th Ave. Ste. 3500, Seattle, WA, 98164, Sheila Marie Gall , Association of Washington Cities, 1076 Franklin St. Se, Olympia, WA, 98501-1346, for Amicus Curiae on behalf of Assoc. of Washington Counties.

William R. Maurer , Institute For Justice, 600 University St. Ste. 1730, Seattle, WA, 98101-2925, Robert Belden , Institute for Justice, 901 N. Glebe Road, Suite 900, Arlington, VA, 22203, for Amicus Curiae on behalf of Institute for Justice.

Alexander Seth Gorin , Department of Justice, 312 N. Spring St. Ste. 1200, Los Angeles, CA, 90012-2551, Donald B. Verrilli Jr. , Elaine J. Goldenberg , Brendan B. Gants , Munger, Tolles & Olson LLP, 601 Massachusetts Ave. Nw, Suite 500 E, Washington, DC, 20001, for Amicus Curiae on behalf of Chamber of Commerce of the USA.

Ryan P. Hammond , Littler Mendelson, 600 University St. Ste. 3200, Seattle, WA, 98101-3122, Madhura Panjini , Attorney at Law, 1300 Sw 5th Ave. Ste. 2400, Portland, OR, 97201-5610, for Amicus Curiae on behalf of Northwest Grocery Association.

Jeffrey Todd Even , Alexia Diorio , Wash. Attorney General's Office, 1125 Washington St. Se, P. O. Box 40100, Olympia, WA, 98504-0100, for Amicus Curiae on behalf of State of Washington.

¶1 In early 2020, life in the state of Washington changed dramatically due to the public health emergency caused by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Six months after United States and global health authorities declared COVID-19 a public health emergency, the city of Seattle (City) passed an ordinance authorizing hazard pay...

Let's get started


Welcome to the leading source of independent legal reporting
Sign on now to see your case.
Or view more than 10 million decisions and orders.

  • Updated daily.
  • Uncompromising quality.
  • Complete, Accurate, Current.

Listed below are the cases that are cited in this Featured Case. Click the citation to see the full text of the cited case. Citations are also linked in the body of the Featured Case.

Cited Cases

  • No Cases Found

Listed below are those cases in which this Featured Case is cited. Click on the case name to see the full text of the citing case.

Citing Cases