No. 23-15016.

81 F.4th 1036 (2023)

Mark BAIRD and Richard Gallardo, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Rob BONTA, in his official capacity as Attorney General of the State of California, Defendant-Appellee.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed September 7, 2023.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Amy L. Bellantoni (argued), The Bellantoni Law Firm PLLC, Scarsdale, New York, for Plaintiffs-Appellants.

Mica Moore (argued) and Lara Haddad , Deputy Attorneys General, Attorney General's Office, Los Angeles, California; Ryan R. Davis , Deputy Attorney General; R. Matthew Wise , Supervising Deputy Attorney General; Thomas S. Patterson , Senior Assistant Attorney General; Rob Bonta , California Attorney General; California Attorney General's Office, Sacramento, California; for Defendant-Appellee.

Before: N. Randy Smith, Kenneth K. Lee, and Lawrence VanDyke, Circuit Judges


Appellants Mark Baird and Richard Gallardo wish to openly carry handguns in California for self-protection, but California's current licensing regime effectively establishes a statewide ban on open carry by ordinary law-abiding Californians. With narrow exceptions, those Californians who reside in counties...

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