No. 22-50024.

81 F.4th 961 (2023)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Michael Joseph PEPE, Defendant-Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed August 28, 2023.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

James H. Locklin (argued), Deputy Federal Public Defender; Cuauhtemoc Ortega , Federal Public Defender; Federal Public Defender's Office, Los Angeles, California; for Defendant-Appellant.

Elana Shavit Artson (argued), Stephanie S. Christensen , and Damaris Diaz , Assistant United States Attorneys; Bram M. Alden , Assistant United States Attorney, Criminal Appeals Section Chief; E. Martin Estrada , United States Attorney; United States Attorney's Office, Los Angeles, California; for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Before: N. Randy Smith, Kenneth K. Lee, and Lawrence VanDyke, Circuit Judges.


Michael Pepe moved from the United States to Cambodia in the spring of 2003. Between June 2005 and June 2006, he sexually abused young girls, eight of whom eventually testified against him at trial. The government presented evidence at trial from which a jury could infer that one of Pepe's primary activities...

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