No. 21-56271.

60 F.4th 1220 (2023)

CREDIT ONE BANK, N.A., Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Michael A. HESTRIN, District Attorney of Riverside County, California, Defendant-Appellee.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed February 27, 2023.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Christopher N. Bellows (argued), Holland & Knight LLP, Miami, Florida; Abraham J. Colman , Raymond Y. Kim , and Stacey H. Wang , Holland & Knight LLP, Los Angeles, California; Laurie W. Daniel , Holland & Knight LLP, Atlanta, Georgia; for Plaintiff-Appellant.

Harold R. Anderson (argued), Deputy District Attorney; Timothy S. Brown , Trial Attorney; Michael A. Hestrin , District Attorney, Riverside County; Riverside County District Attorney's Office; Riverside, California; for Defendant-Appellee.

Rachel A. Foodman , Deputy Attorney General; Michele Van Gelderen , Supervising Deputy Attorney General; Nicklas A. Akers , Senior Assistant Attorney General; Rob Bonta , Attorney General of California; Office of the California Attorney General; Oakland, California; for Amicus Curiae State of California.

Before: Mary H. Murguia, Chief Judge, and Barrington D. Parker, and Kenneth K. Lee, Circuit Judges.


In March 2021, Riverside County, California District Attorney Michael A. Hestrin sued Credit One Bank in Riverside County Superior Court. The lawsuit (the "state action") alleged that Credit One, a national bank, violated California law by employing a vendor to make extensive harassing debt collection phone...

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