No. 21-50088.

60 F.4th 554 (2023)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Jacinto Victor ALVAREZ, AKA Jacinto Alvarez, AKA Jasinto Alvarez, Defendant-Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed February 16, 2023.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Kara L. Hartzler (argued), Federal Defenders of San Diego Inc., San Diego, California, for Defendant-Appellant.

Zachary J. Howe (argued), Charlotte E. Kaiser , and D. Benjamin Holley , Assistant United States Attorneys; Daniel E. Zipp , Appellate Section Chief; Randy S. Grossman , United States Attorney; Office of the United States Attorney, Criminal Division, United States Department of Justice, San Diego, California; for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Before: Milan D. Smith, Jr. and Ryan D. Nelson, Circuit Judges, and Gershwin A. Drain, District Judge.


Under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), an illegal alien who has been convicted of an aggravated felony is subject to expedited removal. 8 U.S.C. § 1228. A crime can qualify as an aggravated felony in several ways, one of which is by satisfying the INA's definition of a "crime of violence...

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