No. 19-50158, No. 19-50169, No. 19-50173.

51 F.4th 841 (2022)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Enrique HOLGUIN, AKA Rick, AKA Ricky, AKA Slick, Defendant-Appellant. United States of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Emanuel Higuera, AKA Blanco, Defendant-Appellant. United States of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Donald Goulet, AKA Wacky, Defendant-Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed October 13, 2022.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Gail Ivens (argued), Gail Ivens Attorney at Law, King City, California; Tony F. Farmani (argued), Rancho Santa Fe, California; and David J. Kaloyanides (argued), Chino, California; for Defendants-Appellants.

Victoria A. Degtyareva (argued), Carol A. Chen , Kathy Yu , Lindsay M. Bailey , and Chelsea Norell , Assistant United States Attorneys; Bram M. Alden , Assistant United States Attorney, Acting Chief, Criminal Appeals Section; Tracy L. Wilkison , Acting United States Attorney; United States Attorney's Office, Los Angeles, California; for Plaintiff-Appellee.

Partial Concurrence and Partial Dissent by Judge Berzon.


Enrique Holguin, Emanuel Higuera, and Donald Goulet appeal their convictions on charges arising from criminal activity on behalf of Canta Ranas, a multi-generational street gang based in Whittier, California, with ties to the Mexican Mafia criminal organization. Appellants were charged in a sweeping indictment...

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