No. 19-72854.

996 F.3d 968 (2021)

Jim ROUTE, Petitioner, v. Merrick B. GARLAND, Attorney General, Respondent.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed May 6, 2021.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Michaela Posner (argued) and Patrick Randell (argued), Certified Law Students; Jennifer Lee Koh (argued), Supervising Attorney; University of California, Irvine, School of Law, Irvine, California; Peter Afrasiabi , One LLP, Newport Beach, California; for Petitioner.

Sara J. Bayram (argued), Trial Attorney; Aimee J. Carmichael , Senior Litigation Counsel; John W. Blakeley , Assistant Director; Brian M. Boynton , Acting Assistant Attorney General; Office of Immigration Litigation, Civil Division, United States Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.; for Respondent.

Before: MILAN D. SMITH, JR. and SANDRA S. IKUTA, Circuit Judges, and KATHRYN H. VRATIL, District Judge.


Jim Route, a citizen of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), was admitted to the United States twice: once in 2005, and again in 2015. In 2018, Route was convicted of unlawful imprisonment in the first degree, in violation of Hawai`i law. Subsequently, an immigration judge (IJ) ordered Route removed...

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