No. 19-1529.

989 F.3d 183 (2021)

UNITED STATES of America, Appellee, v. Raymond RODRÍGUEZ-RIVERA, Defendant, Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit.

March 4, 2021.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Kevin Lerman , Research & Writing Specialist, with whom Eric Alexander Vos , Federal Public Defender, and Franco L. Pérez-Redondo , Assistant Federal Public Defender, Supervisor, Appeals Division, were on brief, for appellant.

Julia M. Meconiates , Assistant United States Attorney, with whom W. Stephen Muldrow , United States Attorney, and Mariana E. Bauzá-Almonte , Assistant United States Attorney, Chief, San Juan, PR, Appellate Division, were on brief, for appellee.

Before Howard, Chief Judge, Kayatta, Circuit Judge, and Casper, District Judge.

Once again, we are called upon to consider the circumstances in which a sentencing enhancement for prior involvement with controlled substances is appropriate. Section 2K2.1(a) of the United States Sentencing Guidelines provides for certain sentencing enhancements in situations where, among other conditions, the defendant...

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