Nos. 19-35463, 19-35470.

989 F.3d 714 (2021)

Daniel Z. CROWE; Lawrence K. Peterson I; Oregon Civil Liberties Attorneys, an Oregon nonprofit corporation, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. OREGON STATE BAR, a Public Corporation; Oregon State Bar Board of Governors; Vanessa A. Nordyke, President of the Oregon State Bar Board of Governors; Christine Constantino, Presidentelect of the Oregon State Bar Board of Governors; Helen Marie Hierschbiel, Chief Executive Officer of the Oregon State Bar; Keith Palevsky, Director of Finance and Operations of the Oregon State Bar; Amber Hollister, General Counsel for the Oregon State Bar, Defendants-Appellees. Diane L. Gruber; Mark Runnels, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Oregon State Bar; Christine Constantino; Helen Marie Hierschbiel, Defendants-Appellees.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed February 26, 2021.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Jacob Huebert (argued) and Timothy Sandefur , Scharf-Norton Center for Constitutional Litigation at the Goldwater Institute, Phoenix, Arizona; Luke D. Miller , Military Disability Lawyer LLC, Salem, Oregon; for Plaintiffs-Appellants Daniel Z. Crowe, Lawrence K. Peterson I, and Oregon Civil Liberties Attorneys.

Michael L. Spencer (argued), Klamath Falls, Oregon, for Plaintiffs-Appellants Diane L. Gruber and Mark Runnels.

Elisa J. Dozono (argued) and Taylor D. Richman , Miller Nash Graham & Dunn LLP, Portland, Oregon; Steven M. Wilker (argued) and Megan K. Houlihan , Tonkon Torp LLP, Portland, Oregon; Michael Gillette , Schwabe Williamson & Wyatt P.C., Portland, Oregon; for Defendants-Appellees.

Ellen F. Rosenblum , Attorney General; Benjamin Gutman , Solicitor General; Christopher A. Perdue , Assistant Attorney General; Department of Justice, Salem, Oregon; for Amicus Curiae State of Oregon.

Vanessa L. Holton , General Counsel; Robert G. Retana , Deputy General Counsel; Brady R. Dewar , Assistant General Counsel; Office of the General Counsel, State Bar of California, San Francisco, California; for Amicus Curiae State Bar of California.

Mary R. O'Grady and Kimberly Friday , Osborn Maledon P.A., Phoenix, Arizona, for Amicus Curiae State Bar of Arizona.

Partial Concurrence and Partial Dissent by Judge VanDyke


To practice in Oregon, every lawyer must join and pay annual membership fees to the Oregon State Bar ("the Bar" or "OSB"). In these cases, Plaintiffs1 claim these compulsions violate their freedoms of speech and association as guaranteed by the First Amendment, made applicable to the states by...

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