No. 18-15845.

948 F.3d 989 (2020)

The DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL COMMITTEE; DSCC, aka Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee; The Arizona Democratic Party, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Katie HOBBS, in her official capacity as Secretary of State of Arizona; Mark Brnovich, Attorney General, in his official capacity as Arizona Attorney General, Defendants-Appellees, The Arizona Republican Party; Bill Gates, Councilman; Suzanne Klapp, Councilwoman; Debbie Lesko, Sen.; Tony Rivero, Rep., Intervenor-Defendants-Appellees.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed January 27, 2020.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Bruce V. Spiva (argued), Marc E. Elias , Elisabeth C. Frost , Amanda R. Callais , and Alexander G. Tischenko , Perkins Coie LLP, Washington, D.C.; Daniel C. Barr and Sarah R. Gonski , Perkins Coie LLP, Phoenix, Arizona; Joshua L. Kaul , Perkins Coie LLP, Madison, Wisconsin; for Plaintiffs-Appellants.

Andrew G. Pappas (argued), Joseph E. La Rue , Karen J. Hartman-Tellez , and Kara M. Karlson , Assistant Attorneys General; Dominic E. Draye , Solicitor General; Mark Brnovich , Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Phoenix, Arizona; for Defendants-Appellees.

Brett W. Johnson (argued) and Colin P. Ahler , Snell & Wilmer LLP, Phoenix, Arizona, for Intervenor-Defendants-Appellees.

John M. Gore (argued), Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General; Thomas E. Chandler and Erin H. Flynn , Attorneys; Gregory B. Friel , Deputy Assistant Attorney General; Eric S. Dreiband , Assistant Attorney General; Department of Justice, CRD-Appellate Section, Washington, D.C.; for Amicus Curiae United States.

Kathleen E. Brody , ACLU Foundation of Arizona, Phoenix, Arizona; Dale Ho , American Civil Liberties Union Foundation, New York, New York; Davin Rosborough and Ceridwen Chery , American Civil Liberties Union Foundation, Washington, D.C.; for Amici Curiae American Civil Liberties Union & American Civil Liberties Union of Arizona.

Dissent by Judge Bybee


The right to vote is the foundation of our democracy. Chief Justice Warren wrote in his autobiography that the precursor to one person, one vote, Baker v. Carr, 369 U.S. 186, 82 S.Ct. 691, 7 L.Ed.2d 663 (1962), was the...

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