Plaintiffs in this putative class action, Vinay Jessani and Wendy Burnett, appeal from a judgment entered in favor of defendant Monini North America, Inc. ("Monini") on August 8, 2017. We assume the parties' familiarity with the underlying facts, the procedural history of the case, and the issues on appeal.
We review de novo a district court's decision on a motion to dismiss, "accepting all factual allegations as true and drawing all reasonable inferences in [plaintiffs'] favor." Hogan v. Fischer, 738 F.3d 509, 515 (2d Cir. 2013). To satisfy the pleading requirements of Fed. R. Civ. P. 8(a), a complaint "must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to `state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Aschroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)). "Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief will . . . be a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense." Id. at 679.
Plaintiffs here argue that "whether a reasonable consumer is likely to be misled by a labeling claim is almost always an issue of fact that is inappropriate for decision on a motion to dismiss." Appellants' Br. at 6. But it is "well settled that a court may determine as a matter of law that an allegedly deceptive advertisement would not have misled a reasonable consumer." Fink v. Time Warner Cable, 714 F.3d 739, 741 (2d Cir. 2013). Accordingly, plaintiffs must do more than plausibly allege that a "label might conceivably be misunderstood by some few consumers." Ebner v. Fresh Inc., 838 F.3d 958, 965 (9th Cir. 2016) (internal quotation marks omitted). Plaintiffs must plausibly allege "that a significant portion of the general consuming public or of targeted consumers, acting reasonably in the circumstances, could be misled." Id. (internal quotation marks omitted). Plaintiffs' own allegations in this case preclude us from reaching such a conclusion.
According to plaintiffs, truffles are the most expensive food in the world. Appellants' App. at 12 ("The rarity of truffles has made them—at thousands of dollars per pound for Italy's prized white truffles—the most expensive food in the world."); see also id. ("In 2007, a Macau casino owner set a record by paying $330,000 for a 3.3-pound truffle unearthed in Tuscany."). Unlike artificial truffle flavoring—which plaintiffs describe as "a distant cry from . . . real truffles," id.— "actual truffles cost hundreds or even thousands of dollars per ounce," id. at 13. Moreover, real truffles are highly perishable (a real truffle begins "to lose its flavor as soon as it is pulled from the ground"), "seasonal," and "impossible to mass produce." Id. at 12. In this context, representations that otherwise might be ambiguous and misleading are not: it is simply not plausible that a significant portion of the general consuming public acting reasonably would conclude that Monini's mass produced, modestly-priced
We have considered all of plaintiffs' other contentions on appeal and have found in them no basis for reversal. Thus, the judgment of the district court is