No. 16-1650, No. 16-1651.

862 F.3d 353 (2017)

Richard FIELDS, Appellant v. CITY OF PHILADELPHIA; Sisca, Police Officer, Badge No. 9547; Joe Doe, an Unknown Philadelphia Police Officer. Amanda Geraci, Appellant v. City of Philadelphia; Dawn Brown, Police Officer, Badge No. 2454; Terra M. Barrow, Police Officer, Badge No. 1147; Nikki L. Jones, Police Officer, Badge No. 2549; Rhonda Smith, Police Officer, Badge No. 1373.

United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit.

Opinion filed: July 7, 2017.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Jonathan H. Feinberg, Esquire , Kairys Rudovsky Messing & Reinberg, 718 Arch Street, Suite 501 South, Philadelphia, PA 19106, John J. Grogan, Esquire , Peter E. Leckman, Esquire , Langer Grogan & Diver, 1717 Arch Street, Suite 4130, Philadelphia, PA 19103, Seth Kreimer, Esquire , University of Pennsylvania School of Law, 3400 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, PA 19104, Mary Catherine Roper, Esquire , Molly M. Tack-Hopper, Esquire (Argued), American Civil Liberties Union of Pennsylvania, P.O. Box 60173, Philadelphia, PA 19106, Counsel for Appellants

Craig R. Gottlieb, Esquire (Argued), City of Philadelphia Law Department, 1515 Arch Street, 17th Floor, One Parkway, Philadelphia, PA 19102, Counsel for Appellees

Dorothy A. Hickok, Esquire , Alfred W. Putnam, Jr., Esquire , Mark D. Taticchi, Esquire , Drinker Biddle & Reath, 18th & Cherry Streets, One Logan Square, Suite 2000, Philadelphia, PA 19103, Ilya Shapiro, Esquire , Cato Institute, 1000 Massachusetts Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20001, Counsel for Amicus Appellant, Cato Institute.

Eli Segal, Esquire , Pepper Hamilton, 217 Ryers Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19103, Counsel for Amicus Appellant, Society for Photographic Education

Sharon M. McGowan, Esquire , April J. Anderson, Esquire , Tovah R. Calderon, Esquire , United States Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Appellate Section, RFK 3724, P.O. Box 14403, Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044, Counsel for Amicus Appellant, United State of America.

Bruce D. Brown, Esquire , Gregg P. Leslie, Esquire , The Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press, 1156 15th Street, N.W., Suite 1250, Washington, DC 20005, Counsel for Amicus Appellant, Reporters Committee for Freedom of the Press and 31 Media Organizations

Sophia S. Cope, Esquire , Adam Schwartz, Esquire , Electronic Frontier Foundation, 815 Eddy Street, San Francisco, CA 94109, Counsel for Amicus Appellant, Electronic Frontier Foundation

Robert J. LaRocca, Esquire , Kohn Swift & Graf, One South Broad Street, Suite 2100, Philadelphia, PA 19107, Counsel for Amicus Appellant, First Amendment Law Professors.

Patrick G. Geckle, Esquire , 1500 John F. Kennedy Boulevard, Two Penn Center Plaza, Suite 1850, Philadelphia, PA 19102, John Burton, Esquire , The Marine Building, 128 North Fair Oaks Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91103, David Milton, Esquire , Law Offices of Howard Friedman, PC, 90 Canal Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02114, Counsel for Amicus Appellant, National Police Accountability Project

Jason P. Gosselin, Esquire , Drinker Biddle & Reath, 18th & Cherry Streets, One Logan Square, Suite 2000, Philadelphia, PA 19103, John W. Whitehead, Esquire , Douglas R. McKusick, Esquire , Christopher F. Moriarty, Esquire , The Rutherford Institute, P.O. Box 7482, Charlottesville, VA 22906, Counsel for Amicus Appellant, Rutherford Institute

Before: AMBRO, RESTREPO, and NYGAARD, Circuit Judges


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