No. 15-35870.

BREANNE WALDEN; et al., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. MARYLAND CASUALTY COMPANY, Defendant-Appellee.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed June 15, 2017.



Plaintiffs appeal from the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of Maryland Casualty Company. We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1291, and we affirm in part, reverse in part, and remand for further proceedings.

We affirm the district court's determination that Maryland Casualty did not breach its duty to defend Dahl's College of Beauty against plaintiffs' complaint and First Amended Complaint under Coverage B of the policy. As relevant, Coverage B covered "personal and advertising injury" arising out of "[t]he wrongful eviction from, wrongful entry into, or invasion of the right of private occupancy of a room, dwelling or premises that a person occupies, committed by or on behalf of its owner, landlord or lessor." We see no error in the district court's application of the ordinary, common understanding that "eviction" involves denying a possessory interest in real property, nor in its conclusion that Maryland Casualty did not breach its duty to defend by failing to equate expulsions with Coverage B "evictions."

In light of Employers Mutual Casualty Co. v. Fisher Builders, Inc., 371 P.3d 375 (Mont. 2016), the district court erred by concluding that the policy excluded coverage for bodily injuries that were the unintended or unexpected consequences of intentional acts. Although plaintiffs complained of only intentional acts, the district court concluded: "Though Plaintiffs' collective emotional distress, and the physical manifestations accompanying it, was likely unforeseen and unintended by the Dahl's defendants, that is simply not the focus of the coverage analysis." Contrary to this ruling, Fisher explained that, under Montana law, an "occurrence" is excluded from coverage if: "1) the act itself was intentional, and 2) . . . the consequence or resulting harm stemming from the act was intended or expected from the actor's standpoint." Id. at 378 (emphasis added). In light of Fisher, we reverse the district court's October 7, 2015 order and remand for further proceedings.

AFFIRMED in part, REVERSED in part, and REMANDED.


** The panel unanimously concludes this case is suitable for decision without oral argument. See Fed. R. App. P. 34(a)(2).
* This disposition is not appropriate for publication and is not precedent except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3.


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