Nos. 13-56306, 13-56310.

771 F.3d 1218 (2014)

Margalit CORBER; Rene Caro; Steve Dantzler; Linda Sowards; Lori Huisman; Johnny George, Sr.; Terry Perry; William Rackley; Angela Young; Pamela Rodriguez; Steven Syverson; Olga Caicoya; Janet Carroll; Rose Cash; Ulad Celentano; Virginia Costanzo; Kimberly Filligim; Armeldia Smith; Carla West; Joanne Bierzynski, Individually and as Next of Kin to Eleanor Wojcik; Sharley Morris; Wyomia Timmons; Dean Reinking; Daniel Thorne; Wendelen Ashby; Carmen Bedford; Claude Commodore; James Henson; Nancy Locke; Mildred Scott; Billie Burnett; Sheena Hall; Brenda Roberge, Individually and as Next of Kin to Ernest Roberge; Deborah Woodsum; Richard Pascuito, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. XANODYNE PHARMACEUTICALS, INC., Defendant-Appellant. Judith Romo; Vincent Taldone; Robin Tayler; Margaret Taylor; Randy Taylor; Ray Teets; Lawrence Tells; Kathryn Temchack; Charles Terry; Veronica Terry; Roberta Thorne; Margaret Tivis; Linda Todd; Delores Toohey; Debra Tourville; Dena Tsouals; Allen Turner; Carolyn Turner; Wanda Turner; Starlet Tyrone; Gloria Underwood; Henry Underwood; Janice Vanison; William Verheyen; Charles Vildibill; Sharon Wallgren; Pam Walsh; Sharon Walsh; Keesha Warrior; Latanga Washington; Darlene Watt; James Weiss; Wesley Welborne, Iii; Debra Wheeler; Marsha Whitt; Carolyn Whyno; Cecilia Wilckens; Sandra Wilemon; Stella Wilkerson-Clark; Joann Williams; Joyce Williams; Rose Williams; Shantas Williams; Mary Wilson; Rose Wilson; Patsy Winzey; Jimmie Wise; Ruth Wolfson; Juanita Woodson; Lynne Wysocky, single individuals, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v. Teva Pharmaceuticals USA, Inc., Defendant-Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed November 18, 2014.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Jay Lefkowitz (argued), Daniel A. Bress , and Danielle R. Sassoon , Kirkland & Ellis LLP, New York, NY; Ginger Pigott , Amy B. Alderfer , and Karin L. Bohmholdt , Greenberg Traurig, LLP, Los Angeles, CA; Lori G. Cohen & Victoria D. Lockard , Greenberg Traurig, LLP, Atlanta, GA; Elliot H. Scherker , Greenberg Traurig, PA, Miami, FJ, for Defendant-Appellant Teva Pharmaceuticals, USA, Inc.

Karin Bohmholdt (argued), Greenberg & Traurig LLP, Los Angeles, CA; Karen Woodward , Hall R. Marston , and Christopher P. Norton , Sedgwick LLP, Los Angeles, CA; Linda E. Maichl , Michael J. Suffern (argued), Ulmer & Berne LLP, Cincinnati, OH, for Defendant-Appellant Xanodyne Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Louis M. Bograd (argued) & Andre M. Mura , Center for Constitutional Litigation, Washington, D.C.; Matthew J. Sill , Sill Law Group LLP, Edmond, OK; Andrew N. Chang and Stuart B. Esner (argued), Esner, Chang & Boyer, Pasadena, CA; Elise R. Sanguinetti , Khorrami Boucher Sumner LLP, Oakland, CA; James P. Sizemore , The Sizemore Law Firm, El Segundo, CA, for Plaintiffs-Appellees Romo, Corber, et al.

Jeremy B. Rosen , Horvitz & Levy LLP, Encino, CA, for Amici Curiae Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America and PhRMA.

Richard Abbott Samp , Washington Legal Foundation, Washington, D.C., for Amicus Curiae Washington Legal Foundation.

David M. Arbogast , Arbogast Law, A.P.C., Los Angeles, CA, for Amicus Curiae American Association for Justice.

John Beisner , Skadden, Arps, Slate, Meagher & Flom LLP, Washington, D.C., for Amicus Curiae Product Liability Advisory Council.

Opinion by Judge Gould; Dissent by Judge Rawlinson.


GOULD, Circuit Judge:

We must decide whether removal is proper under the "mass action" provision of the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 ("CAFA"), 28 U.S.C. § 1332(d)(11)(B)(i), when plaintiffs in several actions1 moved for coordination in the state trial court pursuant to California Code of Civil Procedure section 404 "for all purposes" and justified their request in part by asserting a need to avoid inconsistent...

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