CHAGARES, Circuit Judge.
Taylor Stokes, as executor of the estate of Raymond Stevens, appeals the District Court's grant of summary judgment to the defendants on his products liability claim. For the reasons that follow, we will affirm.
Because we write solely for the benefit of the parties, we will only briefly summarize the facts relevant to our decision. Stevens's complaint alleges that he developed mesothelioma, an asbestos-related disease, after having been exposed to asbestos-containing products manufactured by defendants CBS Corporation (a successor by merger to Westinghouse Electric Corporation) and distributed by International Paper Co. ("IP").
Stevens's only evidence of exposure to asbestos consisted of his deposition testimony. In it, he recalled cutting and installing green composite paneling, but could not remember the manufacturer of the panel or its precise name, referring to it variously as "Mako," "Mika," "Miko," "Mickeda," and "Mikeda." Appendix ("App.") 109-110, 134. He initially stated that the panels were stamped as containing asbestos:
App. 109. He later backtracked, and admitted that he never saw the word asbestos on the panels themselves. App. 120 ("Q: Did you ever see the word asbestos on the panel itself? A: No"). When asked how he knew that the panels contained asbestos, he stated "[w]ell I just know it did. I know that the asbestos was in that type of material."
The defendants moved for summary judgment, offering three crucial pieces of evidence in support of their motion. First was an affidavit from Dr. David E. Baldwin, the former general manager of Westinghouse's Micarta division. He stated that while Westinghouse did manufacture Micarta paneling, only some contained asbestos, and the version that contained asbestos was never approved for use on Navy vessels. Non-asbestos, paper-based Micarta panels were, by contrast, commonly used aboard Navy ships. This statement is corroborated by an internal Westinghouse letter that lamented the fact that the Navy would not approve asbestos-containing Micarta for use aboard vessels. Two sets of Navy construction specifications, which prohibited the use of asbestos in paneling of this type, also support the Baldwin affidavit.
The District Court held that the plaintiff's internally inconsistent deposition testimony could not create a genuine issue of material fact that a jury could credit, and granted summary judgment to the defendants. The plaintiff timely appealed.
The District Court had jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1333(1) and 1442(a)(1). We have jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291. Our review of the District Court's grant of summary judgment is plenary.
We agree with the District Court that the plaintiff did not produce sufficient evidence to defeat the defendants' motion for summary judgment. An essential element of the plaintiff's maritime products liability claim is that the products to which he was exposed actually contained asbestos.
For the foregoing reasons, we will affirm the order of the District Court.