No. 12-16670.

716 F.3d 1213 (2013)

Paul A. ISAACSON, M.D.; William Clewell, M.D.; Hugh Miller, M.D., Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Tom HORNE, Attorney General of Arizona, in his official capacity; William Gerard Montgomery, County Attorney for Maricopa County, in his official capacity; Barbara Lawall, County Attorney for Pima County, in her official capacity; Arizona Medical Board; Lisa Wynn, Executive Director of the Arizona Medical Board, in her official capacity, Defendants-Appellees.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed May 21, 2013.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Janet Crepps (argued) and David Brown , Center for Reproductive Rights, New York, NY; Christopher A. Lavoy , Tiffany & Bosco, P.A., Phoenix, AZ; Janie F. Shulman and Nancy R. Thomas , Morrison & Foerster LLP, Los Angeles, CA, for Plaintiff-Appellant Paul A. Isaacson.

Susan Talcott Camp and Alexa Kolbi-Molinas , American Civil Liberties Union Foundation, New York, NY; Daniel Pochoda and Kelly Flood , American Civil Liberties Union Foundation of Arizona, Phoenix, AZ, for Plaintiffs-Appellants William Clewell and Hugh Miller.

David R. Cole (argued), Solicitor General; Thomas M. Collins , Assistant Attorney General, Arizona Attorney General's Office, Phoenix, AZ, for Defendants-Appellees Thomas C. Horne , Arizona Attorney General, Arizona Medical Board, and Lisa Wynn , Executive Director of the Arizona Medical Board.

William G. Montgomery (argued), County Attorney for Maricopa County; Douglas L. Irish , J. Kenneth Mangum , Louis F. Comus III , Deryck R. Lavelle , and Bruce P. White , Maricopa County Attorney's Office, Phoenix, AZ, for Defendant-Appellee William Montgomery.

Paula J. Perrera (argued), Deputy County Attorney, Pima County Attorney's Office, Tucson, AZ, for Defendant-Appellee Barbara LaWall.

Beth H. Parker and Gabriel N. White , Arnold & Porter LLP, San Francisco, CA; Lisa Hill Fenning , Los Angeles, CA; Kimberley A. Parker , Susan Friedman , and Carolyn Jacobs Chachkin , Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, Washington, D.C.; Alan E. Schoenfeld and Fiona J. Kaye , New York, NY, for Amici Curiae American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Denise M. Burke , Mailee R. Smith , and Clarke D. Forsythe , Americans United for Life, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae Association of American Physicians & Surgeons, American Association of Pro-Life Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Christian Medical & Dental Associations, Catholic Medical Association, Physicians for Life, and National Association of Prolife Nurses.

David J. Cantelme , Cantelme & Browne, P.L.C., Joshua A. Kredit , Center for Arizona Policy, Inc., Phoenix, AZ, for Amicus Curiae Center for Arizona Policy, Inc.

Teresa Stanton Collett , University of St. Thomas School of Law, Minneapolis, MN; Steven H. Aden and M. Casey Mattox , Alliance Defending Freedom, Washington, D.C., for Amicus Curiae Doctors on Fetal Pain.

Gregrey G. Jernigan , General Counsel, Office of the President of the Arizona State Senate, Peter A. Gentala , Office of the Speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives, Phoenix, AZ, for Amici Curiae Andrew M. Tobin, Speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives, and Steve Pierce, President of the Arizona Senate.

Mathew D. Staver and Anita L. Staver , Liberty Counsel, Maitland, FL; Stephen M. Crampton and Mary E. McAlister , Liberty Counsel, Lynchburg, VA, for Amicus Curiae Liberty Counsel.



BERZON, Circuit Judge.

Our question is whether the Constitution permits the Arizona legislature to prohibit abortion beginning at twenty weeks gestation, before the fetus is viable. We hold that it does not.

Arizona House Bill 2036 ("H.B.2036" or "the Act"), enacted in April 2012, forbids, except in a medical emergency, abortion of a fetus determined to be of a gestational age of at least...

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