Nos. E079389, E079543.

96 Cal.App.5th 946 (2023)

THE PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. PAUL HOWARD HUPP, Defendant and Appellant.

Court of Appeals of California, Fourth District, Division Two.

October 25, 2023.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

William Paul Melcher , under appointment by the Court of Appeal, for Defendant and Appellant.

Rob Bonta , Attorney General, Lance E. Winters , Chief Assistant Attorney General, Charles C. Ragland , Assistant Attorney General, Collette C. Cavalier and Ksenia Gracheva , Deputy Attorneys General, for Plaintiff and Respondent.


A jury convicted Paul Hupp of four counts of violating Penal Code section 69 based on threatening statements he made to four judges. (Unlabeled statutory citations refer to the Penal Code.) On appeal, Hupp raises an issue of first impression: Is a judge an "executive officer" within the meaning of section 69...

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