Attorney(s) appearing for the Case
Mark J. Ricciardi argued the cause for petitioner. With him on the briefs were Roger K. Quillen, Paul A. Ades, and Corbett N. Gordon.
Irving L. Gornstein argued the cause for the United States as amicus curiae. On the brief were Solicitor General Olson, Assistant Attorneys General McCallum and Boyd, Deputy Solicitor General Clement, Dennis J. Dimsey, and Teresa Kwong.
Robert N. Peccole argued the cause for respondent. With him on the brief was Eric Schnapper.*
THOMAS, J., delivered the opinion for a unanimous Court. O'CONNOR, J., filed a concurring opinion, p. 102.
Supreme Court of United States.
JUSTICE THOMAS delivered the opinion of the Court.
The question before us in this case is whether a plaintiff must present direct evidence of discrimination in order to obtain a mixed-motive instruction under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Civil Rights Act of 1991 (1991 Act). We hold that direct evidence is not required.
Since 1964, Title VII has made it an "unlawful employment practice for an employer...
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