Nos. 01-50537, 01-50538.

329 F.3d 1173 (2003)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Ruane BRANDE, Defendant-Appellant. United States of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Carmen Pharr, Defendant-Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed June 2, 2003.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Shakti Murthy, Seal Beach, CA, for defendant-appellant, Ruane Brande.

Carlo Spiga, Carlo Spiga Law Offices, Sherman Oaks, CA, Jerald Brainin, Jerald Brainin Law Offices, Los Angeles, CA, for defendant-appellant, Carmen Pharr.

Michael J. Raphael, Assistant United States Attorney, Los Angeles, CA, for plaintiff-appellee, United States.

Before BROWNING, PREGERSON, and REINHARDT, Circuit Judges.


REINHARDT, Circuit Judge.

After an eight-day trial, Ruane Brande and Carmen Pharr were convicted of one count of wire fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1343, and one count of aiding and abetting loan fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 2(a) and 1014. Brande was also convicted of one count of mail fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1341, a charge of which Pharr was acquitted. The defendants appeal. We address here their argument...

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