No. S086611.

124 Cal.Rptr.2d 161 (2002)

28 Cal.4th 1201

52 P.3d 95

The PEOPLE, Plaintiff and Respondent, v. James Allen MAR, Defendant and Appellant.

Supreme Court of California.

As Modified September 11, 2002.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Carlo Andreani, under appointment by the Supreme Court, for Defendant and Appellant.

Daniel E. Lungren and Bill Lockyer, Attorneys General, George Williamson and David P. Druliner, Chief Assistant Attorneys General, Robert R. Anderson, Assistant Attorney General, Clayton S. Tanaka, Garrick W. Chock, W. Scott Thorpe and David A. Rhodes, Deputy Attorneys General, for Plaintiff and Respondent.


In this case we must determine under what circumstances a defendant in a criminal trial in California may be required, as a security measure, to wear a remote-controlled electronic "stun belt"—a device that, in its current design, delivers an eight-second-long, 50,000-volt, debilitating electric shock when activated by a transmitter controlled by a court security officer. The Courts of Appeal have...

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