No. 99-16999.

275 F.3d 812 (2002)

Jeffrey L. RUSSELL, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. Proctor R. HUG; David Ezra; Robert C. Broomfield; Robert E. Coyle; Lloyd George; Michael D. Hawkins; Michael Hogan; Judith Keep; Thomas Nelson; John Noonan; Linda Riegle; Pamela Ann Rymer; Mary M. Schroeder; Sandra Snyder Marilyn Hall Patel, Chief Judge; Charles Breyer; Maxine M. Chesney; Susan Illston, Judge; Martin Jenkins; Charles A. Legge, Judge; Fern M. Smith; Vaughn R. Walker, Judge; James Ware; Ronald Whyte; Saundra B. Armstrong; Claudia Wilken; Elizabeth D. LaPorte; Jeremy Fogel, Defendants-Appellees.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed January 4, 2002.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Joseph R. Giannini, Los Angeles, California, for the plaintiff-appellant.

Peter J. Smith, Civil Division, Department of Justice, Washington, D.C., for the defendants-appellees.

Before: WALLACE, CANBY, and TASHIMA, Circuit Judges.

CANBY, Circuit Judge:

This appeal presents the question whether a federal district court, in its Criminal Justice Act Plan, may require members of its indigent defense panel to be members not only of the district court's own bar, but also of the State Bar of California. We uphold the requirement.


The Criminal Justice Act, 18 U.S.C. § 3006A(a), authorizes each federal district court to "place in operation throughout the district...

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