No. 00-5432.

275 F.3d 98 (2001)

Joyce M. HILL, Appellant, v. Gale A. NORTON, Secretary, United States Department of the Interior, et al., Appellees.

United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit.

Decided December 28, 2001.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Erik S. Jaffe argued the cause and filed the briefs for appellant.

Kathryn E. Kovacs, Attorney, United States Department of Justice, argued the cause for appellees. With her on the brief were John C. Cruden, Acting Assistant Attorney General, Jeffrey Dobbins and Larry M. Corcoran, Attorneys.

Before: EDWARDS and ROGERS, Circuit Judges, and WILLIAMS, Senior Circuit Judge.

Opinion for the Court filed by Circuit Judge EDWARDS.

HARRY T. EDWARDS, Circuit Judge:

The Migratory Bird Treaty Act ("MBTA"), 16 U.S.C. §§ 703-712 (2000), extends protection to all birds covered by four migratory bird treaties, which, in relevant part, define migratory birds to include the family Anatidae. Congress has delegated authority to the Secretary of Interior ("Secretary") to implement the treaties...

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