No. 99-17539.

265 F.3d 1011 (2001)

UNITED STATES of America ex rel. FOUNDATION AIDING THE ELDERLY; Marsha J. Baker, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. HORIZON WEST INC., a California Corporation; Heritage Convalescent Hospital; Empress Convalescent Hospital; Emerald Distributing Company, Inc.; Far West Inc., a California Corporation; Linwood Gardens Convalescent Hospital, Inc., a California Corporation; Mid-Vale Convalescent Hospital, Inc.; Sacramento Convalescent Hospital, Inc., a California Corporation; South Gate Care Center Inc., a California Corporation; Vallejo Convalescent Hospital, Inc.; Westgate Gardens Convalescent Center, Inc.; Monterey Bay Convalescent Hospital, Inc.; Sierra Medical Enterprises Inc., Sierra Medical Enterprises, Inc. dba Grass Valley Convalescent Hospital; El Dorado Convalescent Hospital Inc.; Foothill Oaks Care Center, Inc.; Hilltop Manor Convalescent Hospital Inc.; Lakeport Skilled Nursing Center Inc.; Lincoln Manor Inc.; Live Oak Manor Inc.; Meadow View Manor Inc.; Monterey Pines Skilled Nursing Facility Inc.; Napa Nursing Center Inc.; Placerville Pies Convalescent Hospital Inc.; Roseville Convalescent Hospital Inc.; Sierra Hills Care Center Inc.; Sunny Hills Convalescent Hospital Inc.; Valley View Skilled Nursing Facility Inc.; Walnut Whitney Convalescent Hospital Inc.; Sierra Solano Care Center Inc.; Westcare Management Inc.; Four Corners Regional Care Center Inc.; Westcare Management Inc.; Four Corners Regional Care Center Inc.; Parkdale Care Center Inc.; Red Cliffs Regional Inc.; Horizon West Inc.; Pacific West Pharmacy Inc., a California Corporation; Ellen L. Kuykendall; Bernice Schrabeck; Michael McDonald; Milton Harmon; Auburn Manor Inc., dba Golden Empire Convalescent Hospital dba Parkview Nursing Center; Medicrest of California Inc., dba Medical Center Convalescent Hospital; Medicrest of California 1 Inc., dba Arlington Gardens Convalescent Hospital dba Montclair Manor Convalescent Hospital; Whitehall Convalescent Hospital Inc., dba Wellesley Manor Convalescent Hospital; Sierra Health Care Management Corporation dba Sierra Health Care Convalescent Hospital; Sandy Regional Inc., Sandy Regional Convalescent and Rehabilitation Center, Defendants-Appellees.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed September 13, 2001.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Marie S. Weiner, Burlingame, California, for the plaintiffs-appellants.

Norman C. Hile, Sacramento, California, for the defendants-appellees.

Before: REINHARDT, TASHIMA, and BERZON, Circuit Judges.

TASHIMA, Circuit Judge:


Appellants filed this qui tam action alleging that Appellees defrauded the United States by receiving payments from Medicare and Medicaid for care which was not given. The district court dismissed the action because it held that 31 U.S.C. § 3730(e)(4)(A)'s public disclosure bar deprived it of jurisdiction. We have jurisdiction over this appeal pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1291.1 We review...

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