No. 96-5955.

520 U.S. 385 (1997)

117 S.Ct. 1416

137 L.Ed.2d 615


Supreme Court of United States.

Decided April 28, 1997.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

David R. Karpe, by appointment of the Court, 519 U.S. 1106, argued the cause for petitioner. With him on the briefs were John Wesley Hall, Jr., Henry R. Schultz, and Jack E. Schairer.

James E. Doyle, Attorney General of Wisconsin, argued the cause for respondent. With him on the brief was Stephen W. Kleinmaier, Assistant Attorney General.

Miguel A. Estrada argued the cause for the United States as amicus curiae urging affirmance. On the brief were Acting Solicitor General Dellinger, Acting Assistant Attorney General Richard, Deputy Solicitor General Dreeben, James A. Feldman, and Deborah Watson.*

Stevens, J., delivered the opinion for a unanimous Court.

Justice Stevens, delivered the opinion of the Court.

In Wilson v. Arkansas, 514 U.S. 927 (1995), we held that the Fourth Amendment incorporates the common-law requirement that police officers entering a dwelling must knock on the door and announce their identity and purpose before attempting forcible entry. At the same time, we recognized that the "flexible requirement of reasonableness should not be read to mandate a...

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