No. 93-17310.

64 F.3d 470 (1995)

John A. ZIEGLER, Plaintiff-Appellant, v. INDIAN RIVER COUNTY; R.T. Dobeck, individually and as Sheriff, Indian River County; Mark Gibbons, individually and as Sergeant of the Indian River County Sheriff's Office; Riverfront Groves, Inc.; Daniel Richey; and Does I through X, inclusive, Defendants-Appellees.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Decided August 14, 1995.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Charles Bourdon, Bourdon & Reisman, San Francisco, CA, for plaintiff-appellant.

Lyman H. Reynolds, Jr., Roberts & Reynolds, West Palm Beach, FL, for defendant-appellee Indian River County.

Julius F. Parker, Jr., Parker, Skelding, Labasky & Corry, Tallahassee, FL, for defendants-appellees Tim Dobeck and Mark Gibbons.

Daniel T. Bernhard, Pettit & Martin, San Francisco, CA, for defendants-appellees Riverfront Groves, Inc. and Daniel Richey.

Before GOODWIN, FARRIS, and KLEINFELD, Circuit Judges.

FARRIS, Circuit Judge:

We must decide whether the nonresident defendants had sufficient minimum contacts with California to subject them to specific jurisdiction there.


Ziegler was the Chief Executive Officer of Justin International, a San Francisco-based domestic fruit brokerage firm. Riverfront Groves, Inc. grows and packs citrus fruit in Florida.

Justin International purchased large quantities of citrus from Riverfront Groves on a regular...

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