Attorney(s) appearing for the Case
Joel Bertocchi, Asst. U.S. Atty., Anton R. Valukas, U.S. Atty., David J. Stetler, James R. Ferguson, Victoria J. Peters, Asst. U.S. Attys., Chicago, Ill., for U.S.
David Bortman, Bortman, Meyer & Barasa, Saul R. Leibowitz, Chicago, Ill., for Phyliss Briscoe.
Gerald J. Collins, Chicago, Ill., for Folorunsho Ogundipe.
John P. DeRose, DeRose & Associates, Burr Ridge, Ill., for Abdul Disu.
Gwendolyn D. Anderson, Anderson & Associates, Chicago, Ill., for Isaac Orija.
Lewis Myers, Jr., Childs, Myers & Willis, Chicago, Ill., for Oladipo Erinle.
June B. Fournier, Hillside, Ill., for Charles Dina aka Mufatan Olatonji.
Andrew B. Spiegel, Chicago, Ill., for Kola Ajibade.
Miriam F. Miquelon, Keck, Mahin & Cate, Chicago, Ill., for Alaba Z. Ijitola.
Luis M. Galvan, Office of the Federal Defender Program, Chicago, Ill., for Sherifat Usman.
Paul M. Brayman, Chicago, Ill., for Fadeke Bello.
Jack Rimland, Stamos, Rimland, Halprin & Clark, Chicago, Ill., for Michael O. Alli.
Antonio J. Curiel, Walter Jones, Jr., Curiel & Jones, Chicago, Ill., for Idris Duale.
Walter Jones, Jr., Curiel & Jones, Chicago, Ill., for Leonard Smith.
Janis D. Roberts, Thomas A. Durkin, Chicago, Ill., for Albert Davies.
Before CUDAHY, COFFEY, and MANION, Circuit Judges.
United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit.
COFFEY, Circuit Judge.
This is the consolidated appeal of fourteen individuals who, based on their involvement in a heroin importation and distribution conspiracy, were convicted of various offenses under the federal narcotics laws. On appeal, they raise a number of arguments challenging their convictions and/or sentences. We affirm.
I. FACTUAL BACKGROUND
This case arises out of an extensive heroin network centered in Chicago, Illinois. Between 1984...
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