No. 89-5518.

896 F.2d 815 (1990)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Lyndon H. LAROUCHE, Jr.; William Wertz; Edward Spannaus; Michael Billington; Dennis Small; Paul Greenberg; Joyce Rubinstein, Defendants-Appellants, William P. Robinson, Jr. et al., Amici Curiae.

United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit.

Decided January 22, 1990.

Rehearing and Rehearing Denied February 16, 1990.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Ramsey Clark (Ramsey Clark & Lawrence Shilling, on brief), Odin Phillips Anderson (Robert L. Rossi, Anderson & Associates, P.C.; R. Kenly Webster, Thomas C. Hill, Gadi Weinrich, Shaw, Pittman, Potts & Trowbridge, Brian P. Gettings, Cohen, Gettings, Alper & Dunham, James C. Clark, Land, Clark, Carroll & Mendelson, Edwin Williams, Kellogg, Williams & Lyons, on brief) for defendants-appellants.

Kent S. Robinson, Asst. U.S. Atty. (Henry Hudson, U.S. Atty., John J.E. Markham, III; Mark D. Rasch, Sp. Asst. U.S. Atty., on brief) for plaintiff-appellee.

William P. Robinson, Jr., Robinson, Zaleski & Lindsey, Maitre Jacques Stul, Edward de Grazia, Lennart Hane, James R. Mann, Edwin Vieira, Jr., Charles E. Rice, Jay Alan Sekulow, Thomas P. Monaghan, Christine Kasun, Amshoff, Amshoff & Monaghan, Maitre Jean-Marc Varaut, James R. Mann, Professor Dr. Albert Bleckmann, Professor Dr. Hans Richard Klecatsky, Professor Dr. Wolfgang Waldstein, R. David Pembroke, on brief, for amici curiae.

Before HALL and MURNAGHAN, Circuit Judges, and BUTZNER, Senior Circuit Judge.

Rehearing and Rehearing In Banc Denied February 16, 1990.

MURNAGHAN, Circuit Judge:

On Friday, October 14, 1988, a federal grand jury in the Eastern District of Virginia, Alexandria Division, handed down a thirteen-count indictment against Lyndon LaRouche, Jr., Edward Spannaus, William Wertz, Michael Billington, Dennis Small, Paul Greenberg, and Joyce Rubinstein. Count One was Conspiracy to Commit Mail Fraud, on which all of the defendants were charged; Counts...

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