Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of the State of New York, Second Department.
Order modified, on the law, by granting defendants' motion to the extent of dismissing the complaint as to defendant Turtel and dismissing the first and second causes of action as to defendant Shapiro. As so modified, order affirmed, without costs or disbursements.
It was error for Special Term not to dismiss the complaint against defendant Turtel for lack of personal jurisdiction (see, CPLR 308 ; Feinstein v Bergner, 48 N.Y.2d 234; Connell v Hayden, 83 A.D.2d 30, 34-35). It was also error for the court not to dismiss the fraud and conspiracy causes of action as to defendant Shapiro. There is no substantive tort of conspiracy (see, Green v Davies, 182 N.Y. 499; Glaser v Kaplan, 5 A.D.2d 829, rearg denied 5 A.D.2d 873). Further, on a motion pursuant to CPLR 3212, it was incumbent upon plaintiff to lay bare his proofs supporting the elements of fraud, and this he failed to do (see, Masella v Leemilt's Flatbush Ave., 112 A.D.2d 1027; Great Neck Car Care Center v Artpat Auto Repair Corp., 107 A.D.2d 658, lv dismissed 65 N.Y.2d 897). On the other hand, Special Term committed no error in refusing to dismiss the malpractice cause of action on the ground of Statute of Limitations. This latter claim could properly be dismissed as time barred if Dr. Shapiro had acted at all times in an individual capacity. However, plaintiff argues that Dr. Shapiro is liable for Dr. Turtel's alleged malpractice performed on or about August 28, 1981. The record reveals a triable issue as to whether Dr. Shapiro was a member of a medical partnership with Dr. Turtel and thus liable for the acts of the partnership performed within the period of limitations (see, Partnership Law §§ 24, 25, 26; Pedersen v Manitowoc Co., 25 N.Y.2d 412, 419). The resolution of this issue must await trial.