No. 80-1199.

456 U.S. 63 (1982)


Supreme Court of United States.

Decided April 5, 1982.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Henry T. Wickham argued the cause for petitioners American Tobacco Co. et al. With him on the briefs were Stephen A. Northup, Paul G. Pennoyer, Jr., and Bernard W. McCarthy. Ronald Rosenberg argued the cause for petitioners Bakery, Confectionery, and Tobacco Workers International Union et al. With him on the briefs were Henry Kaiser, Michael H. Gottesman, Jay J. Levit, and Laurence Gold.

Henry L. Marsh III argued the cause for respondents Patterson et al. With him on the brief were Jack Greenberg, James M. Nabritt III, Patrick O. Patterson, Barry L. Goldstein, John W. Scott, Jr., and Randall G. Johnson. David A. Strauss argued the cause pro hac vice for respondent Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. With him on the brief were Solicitor General Lee, Assistant Attorney General Reynolds, Deputy Solicitor General Wallace, Constance L. Dupre, Philip B. Sklover, and Vella M. Fink.*

JUSTICE WHITE delivered the opinion of the Court.

Under Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 401 U.S. 424 (1971), a prima facie violation of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 78 Stat. 253, as amended, 42 U. S. C. § 2000e et seq. (1976 ed. and Supp. IV), "may be established by policies or practices that are neutral on their face and in intent but that nonetheless discriminate in effect against a particular group...

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