Nos. 81-2024, 81-2028.

683 F.2d 1056 (1982)

UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. Bartley BURNS and Lawrence Kelly, Defendants-Appellants.

United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit.

Decided July 16, 1982.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Sam Adam, Julius L. Echeles, Chicago, Ill., for defendants-appellants.

Robert C. Knuepfer, Asst. U. S. Atty., Dan K. Webb, U. S. Atty., Chicago, Ill., for plaintiff-appellee.

Before PELL, Circuit Judge, GIBSON, Senior Circuit Judge, and ESCHBACH, Circuit Judge.


One of the issues presented in these federal criminal appeals concerns a situation in which the trial judge, in response to a request from the jury for a supplementary instruction, entered the jury room during deliberations without advance notice to the defense and gave the jurors an oral definition of an element of one of the offenses charged in the indictment. Because of our concern for the orderly conduct of a trial by jury in a federal criminal case...

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