We have for review by consolidated interlocutory appeals two orders of the circuit court granting injunctive relief to police officers pursuant to an action for injunctive relief and money damages for appellants' alleged violation of Chapter 112, Part VI, Florida Statutes (1975).
Appellees are two police officers of the City who received written notice on May 20, 1976, that they were dismissed from the department effective that date for activity which was specified in the notice. On June 16, 1976, appellees filed suit against the appellants City of Hallandale and its Chief of Police, alleging, among other things, that the appellants had violated Chapter 112,
Appellees immediately filed a "Motion for Temporary Relief as requested in the Complaint." After reviewing the complaint and hearing argument of counsel, the trial court entered a Temporary Restraining Order on June 21, 1976, which a) enjoined appellants from violating the rights of the appellees as defined in Chapter 112, Part VI, and b) ordered appellants to immediately reinstate the appellees and to pay appellees all wages which they "lost as a result of the improper suspension." The court did not require appellees to post any bond.
On June 23rd, appellants filed notice of interlocutory appeal from the order of June 21, 1976, which we review in Case No. 76-1323.
On or about July 27th appellees filed a motion for Injunctive Relief and Reinstatement in which they alleged the following material things: although the trial court had previously entered a temporary injunction requiring appellants to reinstate appellees with all back wages restored, they had not been reinstated; that instead appellants had filed an interlocutory appeal. That, pursuant to a request by appellees, a Complaint Review Board had been formed. After holding a hearing on July 12, 1976, the Board had found appellees not guilty on all charges and recommended their reinstatement. However, the City informed appellees that they "would not be reinstated notwithstanding the Board's determination and recommendation." Appellees' motion prayed for an injunction requiring reinstatement without loss of wages. On July 30th the court held a hearing based on the July 27th motion. At the end of the hearing the court on the same day, July 30th, entered the following order, which is the subject of Case No. 76-1672:
"ORDER FOR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AND REINSTATEMENT
THIS CAUSE having come on to be heard upon the Motion for Injunctive Relief and Reinstatement filed by the Plaintiffs in this cause, and the Court having heard argument of counsel and being duly advised in the premises, it is thereupon
ORDERED AND ADJUDGED as follows:
1. That the Plaintiffs, ROBERT S. INGLIMA and THEODORE GRANDIS, having been provided with a hearing before a Complaint Review Board pursuant to Florida Statute 112.532(2), and the Complaint Review Board having unanimously found the Plaintiffs not guilty of the alleged charges and recommending immediate reinstatement, the court finds that the Complaint Review Board had before it competent, substantial evidence to support its findings and the Plaintiffs are therefore reinstated.
2. That the reinstatement shall be effective May 20, 1976, and from that date the Plaintiffs are entitled to receive all of their back pay and benefits which they would have received had they not been discharged.
3. Said reinstatement shall take place immediately."
Initially, we would again point out that this action was commenced to enforce appellees' rights as municipal police officers under Chapter 112, Part VI, Florida Statutes (1975). Appellees contended that they were entitled to notice of the intended disciplinary action prior to being dismissed. Section 112.532(4), clearly mandates such notice, and appellants violated appellees' rights by failing to comply with that mandate. However, the temporary injunction of June 21st was not justified because the complaint failed to show that irreparable
We also hold that the order of July 30, 1976, which again ordered reinstatement and payment of back wages, was erroneous. The court entered that order while the first injunctive order providing substantially identical relief was the subject of the appeal in Case No. 76-1323. The trial court was therefore without jurisdiction to enter the second injunctive order.
There is another reason for reversing the order of July 30th. That order was improper because it purported to be based upon a decision of a Complaint Review Board finding the appellees not guilty of the charges contained in their notices of dismissal. The court's order found the Board's decision was based upon substantial competent evidence. But as far as we can tell no evidence submitted before the Board was before the trial court. Even more importantly, nothing contained in Section 112.532(2) justified the trial court's entering the July 30th order solely on the basis of a proceeding before a Complaint Review Board. As pointed out by the Attorney General in 076-38 AGO, a decision of a Complaint Review Board established pursuant to Section 112.532(2), is not adjudicatory but advisory only. Also, once again, it was improper to enter the temporary injunction of July 30, 1976, without requiring appellees to post a bond.
Appellants have questioned the constitutionality of Chapter 112, Part VI, for the first time in this court. Since we reverse on other grounds, and a determination of the constitutionality of the chapter is unnecessary to our decision in the appeals, we need not answer the constitutional question. See, e.g. Singletary v. State, 322 So.2d 551 (Fla. 1975).
In view of the foregoing, we reverse both of the injunctive orders on appeal and remand the cause to the trial court with instructions to proceed to final hearing and a determination as to whether appellees are entitled to a) reinstatement, b) back pay and c) other damages alleged in Count II, after disposing of all pending motions.
REVERSED AND REMANDED.
CROSS and ALDERMAN, JJ., concur.
Chapter 112, Part VI, Florida Statutes (1975): PART VI LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS 112.531 Definitions. 112.532 Law enforcement officers' rights. 112.533 Receipt and processing of complaints. 112.534 Failure to comply. 112.531 Definitions. — As used in this act: (1) "Law enforcement officer" means any person, other than a chief of police, employed full time by any municipality or this state or any political subdivision thereof,
whose primary responsibility is the prevention and detection of crime or the enforcement of the penal, traffic, or highway laws of this state. (2) "Employing agency" means any municipality or the state or any political subdivision thereof which employs law enforcement officers as defined above. (3) "Board" means the Police Standards Board, or its successor, as created by chapter 23, part IV. History. — s. 1, ch. 74-274; s. 1, ch. 75-41.  Note. — As amended, takes effect October 1, 1975.  Note. — Ch. 74-386 repealed part IV of ch. 23 and created the Police Standards Training Commission (See s. 943.11). 112.532 Law enforcement officers' rights. — All law enforcement officers employed by any employing agency shall have the following rights and privileges: (1) RIGHTS OF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS WHILE UNDER INVESTIGATION. — Whenever a law enforcement officer is under investigation and subject to interrogation by members of his agency for any reason which could lead to disciplinary action, demotion, or dismissal, such interrogation shall be conducted under the following conditions: (a) The interrogation shall be conducted at a reasonable hour, preferably at a time when the law enforcement officer is on duty, unless the seriousness of the investigation is of such a degree that immediate action is required. (b) The interrogation shall take place either at the office of the command of the investigating officer or at the office of the local precinct or police unit in which the incident allegedly occurred, as designated by the investigating officer or agency. (c) The law enforcement officer under investigation shall be informed of the rank, name, and command of the officer in charge of the investigation, the interrogating officer, and all persons present during the interrogation. All questions directed to the officer under interrogation shall be asked by and through one interrogator at any one time. (d) The law enforcement officer under investigation shall be informed of the nature of the investigation prior to any interrogation, and he shall be informed of the name of all complainants. (e) Interrogating sessions shall be for reasonable periods and shall be timed to allow for such personal necessities and rest periods as are reasonably necessary. (f) The law enforcement officer under interrogation shall not be subjected to offensive language or be threatened with transfer, dismissal, or disciplinary action. No promise or reward shall be made as an inducement to answer any questions. (g) The formal interrogation of a law enforcement officer, including all recess periods, shall be recorded, and there shall be no unrecorded questions or statements. (h) If the law enforcement officer under interrogation is under arrest, or is likely to be placed under arrest as a result of the interrogation, he shall be completely informed of all his rights prior to the commencement of the interrogation. (i) At the request of any law enforcement officer under investigation, he shall have the right to be represented by counsel or any other representative of his choice, who shall be present at all times during such interrogation whenever the interrogation relates to the officer's continued fitness for law enforcement service. (2) COMPLAINT REVIEW BOARDS. — A complaint review board shall be composed of three members: One member selected by the chief administrator of the agency; one member selected by the aggrieved officer; and a third member to be selected by the other two members. Agencies having more than 100 law enforcement officers shall utilize a five-member board with two members being selected by the administrator, two members being selected by the aggrieved officer, and a fifth member being selected by the other four members. The board members shall be law enforcement officers selected from any state, county, or municipal agency within the county.
(3) CIVIL SUITS BROUGHT BY LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS. — Every law enforcement officer shall have the right to bring civil suit against any person, group of persons, or organization or corporation, or the head of such organization or corporation, for damages, either pecuniary or otherwise, suffered during the performance of the officer's official duties or for abridgment of the officer's civil rights arising out of the officer's performance of official duties. (4) NOTICE OF DISCIPLINARY ACTION. — No dismissal, demotion, transfer, reassignment, or other personnel action which might result in loss of pay or benefits or which might otherwise be considered a punitive measure shall be taken against any law enforcement officer unless such law enforcement officer is notified of the action and the reason or reasons therefor prior to the effective date of such action. (5) RETALIATION FOR EXERCISING RIGHTS. — No law enforcement officer shall be discharged; disciplined; demoted; denied promotion, transfer, or reassignment; or otherwise discriminated against in regard to his employment, or be threatened with any such treatment, by reason of his exercise of the rights granted by this part. History. — s. 2, ch. 74-274. 112.533 Receipt and processing of complaints. — Every agency employing law enforcement officers shall establish and put into operation a system for the receipt, investigation, and determination of complaints received by such employing agency from any person. History. — s. 3, ch. 74-274. 112.534 Failure to comply. — If any agency employing law enforcement officers fails to comply with the requirements of this part, at the request of the Police Standards Board established under part IV of chapter 23 or its successor, the Department of Legal Affairs shall apply directly to the circuit court of the county wherein such employing agency is headquartered and permanently resides for an injunction to restrain and enjoin such violation of the provisions of this part and to compel the performance of the duties imposed by this part. The Police Standards Board and the Department of Legal Affairs shall not be required to give any bond in any proceedings hereunder. History. — s. 4, ch. 74-274.  Note. — Ch. 74-386 repealed part IV of ch. 23 and created a new Police Standards and Training Commission (See s. 943.11).