STATEMENT ON THE APPEAL
Cornell Lee Hopkins had made an extrajudicial confession of first degree burglary to the police. He entered his plea of not guilty to the first degree burglary affidavit which was filed later. At the court trial, his extrajudicial confession was admitted into evidence. When the State rested, Cornell Lee Hopkins moved for a discharge. This motion was denied by the trial court. The trial court sentenced Cornell Lee Hopkins to the Indiana Department of Corrections for a period of not less than ten (10) years nor more than twenty (20) years. Two issues are presented by Hopkins' motion to correct errors for determination on appeal. These issues are:
We conclude in our opinion that there was sufficient evidence to establish a corpus delicti for the purpose of admitting into evidence Cornell Lee Hopkins' extrajudicial confession and that there was substantial evidence of probative value from which the trier of facts could have reasonably inferred that Cornell Lee Hopkins was guilty of first degree burglary beyond a reasonable doubt. Our opinion affirms the judgment of the trial court.
STATEMENT OF THE FACTS
On September 15, 1971, the home of Mr. and Mrs. Thurston Howell at 2913 South Hanna Street, Fort Wayne, Indiana was broken into and a sewing machine was stolen. Officer Franklin E. Bandor of the Fort Wayne Police Department was sent to investigate. He learned from a Mr. Booker, a neighbor of the Howells, that Cornell Lee Hopkins might be a suspect. Officer Bandor went to see Hopkins at his home, but he was not there. His mother stated to Officer Bandor that her son was a drug addict. She promised that she would bring him to the Police Station later. The following day, September 16, 1971, Cornell Lee Hopkins did come to the Police Station with his mother and brother. After being advised of his rights and signing a waiver form, he confessed to the burglary at 2913 South Hanna Street as well as to some other previous burglaries.
Again on September 17, 1971, Cornell Lee Hopkins was read his rights and signed another waiver form. He again admitted to the burglary of the Howells and at a later date rode around with the police pointing out other houses he had burglarized. There is conflicting testimony as to whether Hopkins was experiencing withdrawal symptoms during the confessions. The record shows that no motion was made to suppress the confessions on the grounds of involuntariness due to illness. This issue was not mentioned in Hopkins' motion to correct errors.
On September 21, 1971, an affidavit for first degree burglary was filed in the Allen Circuit Court against Cornell Lee Hopkins. He was represented by the public defender and entered a plea of not guilty to first degree burglary. After his trial on June 19, 1972, Hopkins was found guilty. The court sentenced him to the Indiana Department of Corrections for not less than ten (10) years, nor more than twenty (20) years on July 14, 1972. His motion to correct errors was filed on August 3, 1972.
STATEMENT OF THE ISSUES
The two issues presented by the motion to correct errors and to be determined by this Court on appeal are:
STATEMENT ON THE LAW
Independent proof of the corpus delicti must be in evidence before an extrajudicial confession will be admitted into evidence. Gaines v. State (1921), 191 Ind. 262, 132 N.E. 580; Parker v. State (1949), 228 Ind. 1, 88 N.E.2d 556, 89 N.E.2d 442; Simmons v. State (1955), 234 Ind. 489, 129 N.E.2d 121; Hayden v. State (1964), 245 Ind. 591, 199 N.E.2d 102, 201 N.E.2d 329; Fulmer v. State (1967), 249 Ind. 261, 230 N.E.2d 307; Walker v. State (1968), 249 Ind. 551, 233 N.E.2d 483. The proof of corpus delicti to corroborate an extrajudicial confession so that it will be admissible into evidence should not be confused with the degree of corpus delicti proof necessary to sustain a conviction. The Supreme Court of Indiana made this distinction quite clear in State v. Sullivan (1960), 240 Ind. 274, 278-279, 163 N.E.2d 745, 747;
When presenting independent circumstantial evidence of corpus delicti to corroborate an extrajudicial confession, it is not necessary that the corpus delicti be established beyond a reasonable doubt. Dunbar v. State (1961), 242 Ind. 161, 177 N.E.2d 452; Holding v. State (1963), 244 Ind. 75, 190 N.E.2d 660; Jones v. State (1969), 253 Ind. 235, 252 N.E.2d 572; Hayden v. State, supra, and Parker v. State, supra.
Before the extrajudicial confession is admissible in evidence, the evidence presented independent of and separate from the extrajudicial confession must establish that the specific crime charged in the affidavit or indictment was committed by someone. In the present case, the independent evidence must show that the specific crime of first degree burglary was committed by someone. Parker v. State, supra. In Walker v. State, supra, 249 Ind. at 559, 233 N.E.2d at 488, the Supreme Court of Indiana set forth this definition for the proof of corpus delicti:
Reviewing all of the evidence most favorable to the State together with all the reasonable inferences which may be drawn therefrom, we find that there was substantial evidence of probative value from which the trial court could have reasonably inferred that Cornell Lee Hopkins was guilty of first degree burglary beyond a reasonable doubt. Fuller v. State (1971), Ind., 271 N.E.2d 720; Lambert v. State (1969), 252 Ind. 441, 249 N.E.2d 502; and Pfeifer v. State (1972), Ind. App., 283 N.E.2d 567. We find no error.
Therefore, the judgment of the trial court should be and the same hereby is affirmed.
HOFFMAN, C.J., and SHARP, J., concur.