NEVILLE, District Judge.
This case comes before the court by way of removal from the Minnesota District
The defendant has filed a one-page answer in the form of a general denial. At the hearing on the motion, however, its counsel orally asserted the defenses (1) that Arrow Broadcasting Company was and is delinquent in the amount of some $7,000 to $8,000 in its contract payments due defendant; (2) that before any lawsuit can be commenced in any event plaintiff is required to exhaust and has not exhausted his administrative remedies before the Federal Communications Commission or some other appropriate administrative agency; (3) that plaintiff's program was entitled "smut-talk" and engendered certain sex-oriented responses and caused unfavorable and unsavory publicity for the radio station, possibly putting its Federal Communications license in jeopardy if obscene talk and conversations were permitted to be broadcast over its station. This is the only alleged Federal question raised and this is not in fact asserted in either pleading.
The court having considered the matter does not believe it has removal jurisdiction in this case and so has remanded the same to the Minnesota State court. There is no diversity of citizenship here and even though the jurisdictional limit of $10,000 is alleged, removal jurisdiction would have to depend solely upon whether a Federal question is involved.
It is well established by a long line of authority in removal proceedings that Federal jurisdiction must be disclosed "upon the face of the complaint, unaided by the answer or by the petition for removal". Cully v. First Natl Bank in Meridian, 299 U.S. 109, 113, 57 S.Ct. 96, 98, 81 L.Ed. 70 (1936); North Davis Bank v. First Natl Bank of Layton, 457 F.2d 820 (10th Cir. 1972); see also Crow v. Wyoming Timber Products Co., 424 F.2d 93 (10th Cir. 1970); Romick v. Bekins Van & Storage Co., 197 F.2d 369 (5th Cir. 1952); Columbia Pictures Corp. v. Towne Theatre Corp., 282 F.Supp. 467 (E.D.Wisc.1968). Although it has been held that a suit may be removed where the real nature of the claim asserted in the complaint is Federal, irrespective of whether it is so characterized, Produce Terminal Realty Corp. v. New York N. H. & H. R. Co., 116 F.Supp. 451 (D.Mass.1953), in this case neither the complaint, nor for that matter the answer disclose any real Federal question. Collateral federal issues even if asserted by way of answer are not grounds for removal to federal court. See discussion in Moore's Federal Practice, Vol. 1A, p. 471 et seq. ¶ 0.160. In sum, plaintiff here does not seek relief arising under the laws or the Constitution of the United States, but merely asserts a tort action arising out of alleged unlawful interference by a third party with a contractual relationship. No Federal question is in any sense alleged to be an essential part of plaintiff's cause of action.
A separate order has been entered.