FRIENDLY, Circuit Judge:
Wallace and Claudia West, citizens of New Jersey, sued Charles and Susan Zurhorst, then citizens of New York, in the District Court for the Southern District of New York in July, 1966. They sought to recover damages of $19,100 allegedly sustained in the purchase of stock of and the loan of moneys to a corporation promoted by the defendants, rather appropriately named Lost Village Operations, Inc. The first count of the complaint alleged common-law fraud; the second relied on § 10 of the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 and the SEC's Rule 10b-5. On the day the complaint was filed, plaintiffs obtained an ex parte order of attachment against land owned by the defendants pursuant to F.R.Civ.P. 64, which provides that "at the commencement of and during the course of an action, all remedies providing for seizure of person or property for the purpose of securing satisfaction of the judgment ultimately to be entered in the action are available under the circumstances and in the manner provided by the law of the state in which the district court is held," and New York CPLR § 6201, subd. 7 authorizing attachment when "there is a cause of action to recover damages * * * for fraud or deceit." Later the defendants were personally served.
In pre-trial proceedings several years afterwards plaintiffs announced they would abandon the first count and rely solely on the claim under Rule 10b-5. Defendants promptly made a motion to vacate the attachment. Judge Tyler denied this, holding that an action under Rule 10b-5 was within the New York attachment statute.
Defendants contend that the order is appealable as a final decision, 28 U.S.C. § 1291, under the doctrine of Cohen v. Beneficial Industrial Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 546, 69 S.Ct. 1221, 1225-1226, 93 L.Ed. 1528 (1949). They argue that their right to be free from an allegedly unlawful attachment falls "in that small class [of decisions] which finally determine claims of right separable from, and collateral to, rights asserted in the action, too important to be denied review and too independent of the cause itself to require that appellate consideration be deferred until the whole case is adjudicated." Referring to Mr. Justice Jackson's explanation that when the time for terminating the action should come, "it will be too late effectively to review the present order and the rights conferred by the statute, if it is applicable, will have been lost, probably irretrievably," they say this fits them like a glove, with the exception, claimed to be immaterial, cf. Fielding v. Allen, 181 F.2d 163 (2 Cir.), cert. denied Ogden Corp. v. Fielding, 340 U.S. 817, 71 S.Ct. 46, 95 L.Ed. 600 (1950), that they are asserting a right to freedom from the burden of the state statute rather than to a benefit conferred by it.
The argument has its persuasiveness. Maintenance of a lien upon property is not a negligible deprivation, cf. Sniadach v. Family Finance Corp., 395 U.S. 337, 342, 89 S.Ct. 1820, 23 L.Ed.2d 349 (1969) (concurring opinion of Mr. Justice Harlan), and the damages could exceed the $1500 provided by the attachment bond. The importance of being freed from the burden of a provisional remedy would be even plainer if the Wests had availed themselves of arrest, also allowable against a male defendant in a New York action for "fraud or deceit," CPLR § 6101, subd. 1, especially if the defendant was unable to make bail. But see Crooker v. Knudsen, 232 F. 857 (9 Cir. 1916). But similar arguments could be made with respect to other provisional remedies the grant or withholding of which Congress evidently thought not to be appealable without special legislation. The grant of an interlocutory injunction can cause damage not recoverable under the bond, either because the bond proves to be too small, see Russell v. Farley, 105 U.S. 433, 437-447, 26 L.Ed. 1060 (1881); Lawrence v. St. Louis-S. F. Ry., 278 U.S. 228, 233, 49 S.Ct. 106, 73 L.Ed. 282 (1929), or because the damage is not measurable in money. Yet the framers of the Act of March 3, 1891, creating the courts of appeals and giving them jurisdiction to review "final decisions," thought it necessary to provide additionally for review of orders granting such injunctions, 26 Stat. 828.
It could be said against this that the Congresses that took these actions did not have the benefit of Cohen's elucidation of "final decision"; indeed the
Appeal dismissed for want of jurisdiction.