No. 86.

381 U.S. 1 (1965)


Supreme Court of United States.

Decided May 3, 1965.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Leonard B. Boudin argued the cause for appellant. With him on the briefs were Victor Rabinowitz and Samuel Gruber.

Solicitor General Cox argued the cause for appellees. With him on the brief were Assistant Attorney General Yeagley, Daniel M. Friedman, Bruce J. Terris, Kevin T. Maroney and Lee B. Anderson.

Edward J. Ennis and Melvin L. Wulf filed a brief for the American Civil Liberties Union, as amicus curiae, urging reversal.

Isidore Englander and Joseph Forer filed a brief for Anatol Schlosser, as amicus curiae.

MR. CHIEF JUSTICE WARREN delivered the opinion of the Court.

The questions for decision are whether the Secretary of State is statutorily authorized to refuse to validate the passports of United States citizens for travel to Cuba, and, if he is, whether the exercise of that authority is constitutionally permissible. We answer both questions in the affirmative.

Prior to 1961 no passport was required for travel anywhere in the Western Hemisphere. On January...

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