This suit was filed by the State of Georgia and the Public Service Commission of the State of Georgia under the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C.A. §§ 1336, 1398, 2284, and 2321 through 2325, seeking to enjoin, annul and set aside the order of the Interstate Commerce Commission of the United States, entered September 22, 1961, in the proceeding known as Discrimination in Operations of Interstate Motor Carriers of Passengers, Docket No. MC-C-335. The parts of the specified order that are attacked by the State of Georgia are as follows:
The State's principal attack on the validity of the Interstate Commerce Commission order is based upon Section 202 (b) of the Interstate Commerce Act, 49 U.S.C.A. § 302(b), which provides as follows:
The State also contends that the Interstate Commerce Commission lacks the power to issue an order having general application against carriers certificated by it to implement the provisions of Section 216(b) of the Interstate Commerce Act, 49 U.S.C.A. § 316(d), on the theory that Section 216(d) (the anti-discrimination section of the Act) is self-executing and may not be implemented by orders of the Commission.
The State further contends that even though general implementing orders should be held proper to implement Section 216(d), nevertheless the Commission failed to follow the procedural steps required before issuing the particular order here involved.
Finally, the State contends that there is no sufficient factual basis for the finding by the Commission of the need for the challenged order since no showing was made that any particular carrier in any particular part of the United States was actually violating the anti-discrimination terms of Section 216(d) of the Act.
It is the thrust of the State's contention that the effect of the order, which on its face purports to prohibit the use of interstate instrumentalities if they are operated on a racially segregated basis, is to regulate intrastate commerce. This, the State says, results from the fact that economic necessity dictates that the same vehicles and terminal facilities be used in both interstate and intrastate transportation.
It seems that there can be no longer any doubt but that the Interstate Commerce Commission has full power over the regulation of both vehicles and facilities of common carriers engaged in interstate commerce. See Southern Railway Co. v. United States, 222 U.S. 20, 32 S.Ct. 2, 56 L.Ed. 72; Morris v. McComb, 332 U.S. 422, 68 S.Ct. 131, 92 L.Ed. 44.
Touching on the second contention of the State, we believe that the Interstate Commerce Commission has the power to implement Section 216(d) by the issuance of a general order in the manner which was done in this case. See Assigned Car Cases, 274 U.S. 564, 47 S.Ct. 727, 71 L.Ed. 1204; American Trucking Ass'ns, Inc. v. United States, 344 U.S. 298, 73 S.Ct. 307, 97 L.Ed. 337; and S. E. C. v. Chenery Corp., 318 U.S. 80, 63 S.Ct. 454, 87 L.Ed. 626, and 332 U.S. 194, 67 S.Ct. 1575, 1760, 91 L.Ed. 1995.
We find no basis for the State's contention that procedurally the Interstate Commerce Commission lacked power to issue the order complained of. Moreover, we find that the record of the proceedings before the Commission adequately supports the findings of the Commission to the effect that the policy of requiring racial segregation in the facilities used for interstate commerce has been practiced on such a regular basis that "case by case action initiated by individual complaints under Section 216(e), standing alone, is not an adequate remedy." The existence of statutes in many states expressly requiring segregation by race in these facilities, of which of course the Commission and this Court takes judicial notice, would be an adequate basis for the Commission's finding to this effect.
We conclude, therefore, that the order of the Interstate Commerce Commission may not be set aside for any of the reasons asserted in this suit. We hold, therefore, that the order entered by the Interstate Commerce Commission in Docket MC-C-3358 is a valid and binding order of the Interstate Commerce Commission. The prayer for injunction and other relief, therefore, must be denied.