JAMES ALGER FEE, Circuit Judge.
In Case No. 23,661 S.D. (here numbered on appeal 14,599), the defendant was convicted on plea of guilty in the District Court of the Southern District of California, Southern Division, before Hon. Jacob Weinberger, on March 5, 1954, of the crime of transporting aliens charged in four counts as a violation of 8 U.S.C.A. § 1324(a) (2). Judgment was entered on that day. He was sentenced to ten months imprisonment and to pay a fine of $350 on count one. This term of imprisonment was suspended and he was placed upon probation for five years upon condition that he would not violate any laws, state, federal or municipal, that he would comply with all rules and regulations of the probation officer and pay the fine in designated installments, and that he would not approach the Mexican border without permission. The imposition of sentence was suspended on counts two, three and four and probation granted thereon for five years. No appeal was ever taken from the judgment entered March 5, 1954, in the cause entitled United States of America v. Salvador Bernal, No. 23,661 S.D.
On August 28, 1954, Zazueta was convicted in Case No. 23,704, in the same district, by a jury before Hon. William Mathes on a like charge of illegally transporting an alien on one count and was acquitted upon another. Two other counts of this indictment (23,704) and another indictment (23,659) were thereupon dismissed. Upon the same day, the probation officer of the district filed a petition for revocation of probation on the previous convictions in the former case (23,661).
Since petitioner is insistent these cases are connected, reference is made to the record in Case No. 23,704, Salvador Bernal-Zazueta v. United States of America, presently before this Court upon appeal. In that record, defendant was shown to be a person of Mexican parentage, who spoke Spanish as well as English and had been in business here for some years. He was arrested in Grapevine Canyon near Bakersfield for exceeding the speed limit, by a state officer. Upon investigation, it was found that there were four Mexican aliens, who spoke no English, riding with defendant in the seats of the car, and finally a fifth who was locked in the trunk. Upon questioning by the officer, he said that they were "wet backs." He admitted he had told them to tell the truth when the officer asked them how much they were to pay him, and did not contradict their statement that they were to pay him $25 apiece when they arrived.
On September 1, 1954, defendant came up for sentence in the case in which he had just been tried (23,704). At the request of his counsel, the proceeding on petition for revocation from the previous convictions in No. 23,661 was set down for the same time. He pleaded guilty to a violation of probation and allowed the record to stand through his counsel after the court denied the motion for a new trial or arrest of judgment in No. 23,704.
The following colloquies have a bearing on the matter:
The judge then said:
The probationary order in 23,661 was thus vacated and defendant's probation terminated, and the court put in effect the previous sentence of ten months on count one and imposed a sentence of five years on each count two, three and four to run concurrently on the three and pro tanto with count one.
The defendant was thereupon committed to the custody of the Marshal to serve the sentences imposed in Case No. 23,661.
Thereupon, in Case No. 23,704, imposition of sentence was suspended on count two, upon which defendant had been convicted by the jury, and defendant was placed on probation for five years commencing upon his release from custody on the sentence on 23,661, with a condition that he finish paying the fine imposed in the previous case. The court expressly declared defendant was not committed in 23,704, which judgment is on appeal to this Court, where arguments have been heard and the matter is under advisement.
This recital is necessary to bring the proceedings down to particular matters presently before the Court in the instant appeal and motion.
On September 10, 1954, defendant filed notice of appeal from the judgment revoking probation and imposing sentence in No. 23,661, and on September 27, 1954, he filed a "supplemental notice of appeal," in which he recites the judgment of conviction of March 5, 1954, and still appeals from the judgment and sentence of September 1, 1954, in No. 23,661. He therein also designates as grounds for appeal:
The defendant has made a motion for bail upon appeal. He is obviously not held in custody in Case No. 23,704, and therefore consideration need be given on the merits of Case No. 23,661. Bail on appeal is denied in Case No. 23,661.
The original judgment entered by Judge Weinberger, dated March 5, 1954, in Case No. 23,661, is not before us. An appeal therefrom could not be entertained now. Defendant pleaded guilty to the indictment there, and the judgment has become a finality. This judgment constitutes the only "final order" in No. 23,661.
The order revoking probation and imposing sentence was reviewable on appeal. There is nothing formal required in a hearing for revocation of probation.
The terms of the probation order by Judge Weinberger required that defendant "not violate any law, State, Federal or Municipal" and that he comply with all "lawful rules and regulations of the Probation officer." The circumstances which occurred before the granting of probation are pertinent on a violation hearing.
It must therefore be concluded there was a fair hearing. The presiding judge did not abuse his discretion.
The judgment revoking probation,