No. 136.

24 F.2d 412 (1928)


Circuit Court of Appeals, Second Circuit.

January 20, 1928.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Silas B. Axtell, of New York City (Charles A. Ellis, of New York City, of counsel), for appellant.

George P. Nicholson, Corp. Counsel, of New York City (Charles J. Carroll, of Brooklyn, N. Y., and William A. Walling, of New York City, of counsel), for appellee city of New York.

Burlingham, Veeder, Masten & Fearey, of New York City (Chauncey I. Clark and P. Fearson Shortridge, both of New York City, of counsel), for appellee Pennsylvania R. Co.

Before MANTON, L. HAND, and AUGUSTUS N. HAND, Circuit Judges.


The appellant was employed as a linesman on the tug P. R. R. No. 27, operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, when, on December 5, 1924, No. 27 collided with the fireboat W. L. Strong, owned by the city of New York. When the collision occurred, the appellant was struck by a line which parted, and received injuries for which he filed this libel. We approve the findings and conclusion of the court below, which resulted in holding the fireboat Strong solely in fault for this collision. The decree was against the city of New York and in favor of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, dismissing the libel as to it, with costs.

We approve the exoneration of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company from the charges of fault. But the Pennsylvania Railroad Company was liable to the appellant, a seaman, for maintenance and cure — expenses incurred due to this happening. Since a recovery is granted against the city of New York, it must respond primarily for compensatory damages, which includes maintenance and cure during the period of the appellant's sickness, and among such items is that of medical expenses. But the Pennsylvania Railroad Company is secondarily liable for such maintenance and cure, and must respond in damages, if the city does not satisfy the decree which will be entered in accordance with this opinion.

At the time of his injury the appellant was 36 years old and earning $1,800 a year. The damages allowed below are not compensatory for the appellant's loss of wages, doctors' bills, and permanent injury, together with the accompanying pain and suffering. Considering the length of time required to effect such cure as the appellant has obtained, together with such pain and suffering, caused by his injury, his loss of earnings, his medical bills, and his permanent disability, resulting in the shortening of his leg and an ankylosis of the ankle, requiring his using a cane to walk, all of which has incapacitated him from following his occupation as a seaman, the award should be increased to $12,000.

The decree is modified, and the District Court is directed to enter a decree for $12,000, with costs to the appellant. The Pennsylvania Railroad Company is held secondarily liable for $400 as damages for maintenance and cure. The decree allowing costs to it is reversed.

Decree modified.


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