24 F.2d 1001 (1926)


District Court, S. D. New York.

September 29, 1926.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Nash Rockwood, of New York City, for the motion.

Fletcher Dobyns and Sylvester R. Rush, Sp. Asst. Attys. Gen., opposed.

THACHER, District Judge.

As a plea of autrefois acquit in bar to the indictment, the motion cannot be sustained, because the offenses charged are not identical. Burton v. U. S., 202 U.S. 344, 26 S.Ct. 688, 50 L. Ed. 1057, 6 Ann. Cas. 632. The judgment upon the former indictment is therefore asserted, not in bar, but as an estoppel, upon the principle that questions of fact or of law, distinctly put in issue and directly determined by a court of competent jurisdiction, cannot afterwards be disputed between the same parties. Frank v. Mangum, 237 U.S. 309, 333, 334, 35 S.Ct. 582, 59 L. Ed. 969; Coffey v. United States, 116 U.S. 436, 6 S.Ct. 437, 29 L. Ed. 684; United States v. Oppenheimer, 242 U.S. 87, 37 S.Ct. 68, 61 L. Ed. 161, 3 L. R. A. 516; Collins v. Loisel, 262 U.S. 426, 430, 43 S.Ct. 618, 67 L. Ed. 1062; United States v. McConnell (D. C.) 10 F.2d 977.

To this extent the judgment of acquittal, although upon an indictment charging a different offense, operates as an estoppel, and, if facts necessarily decisive in the case at bar are within its adjudication, the pending indictment should be quashed. United States v. Rachmil (D. C.) 270 F. 869; United States v. Clavin (D. C.) 272 F. 985. But, of course, the indictment cannot properly be quashed unless the estoppel of the former judgment precludes proof of facts necessary to sustain it. The offenses charged in the two indictments are quite different. The most that can be said is that the financial condition of the companies named in both indictments would undoubtedly be material in each case. But it is entirely conceivable that the charge of conspiracy to devise a scheme to defraud through the use of the mails can be sustained, without contradiction of any fact determined by the former judgment. The government, although estopped upon some matters of fact material upon the issues raised by the present indictment, is not estopped upon any issue necessarily decisive, and should be permitted to prove its case, if this can be done without contradiction of facts already adjudicated. Certainly it cannot now be said that this will not be possible.

The motion will therefore be denied, without prejudice to the rights of the defendants named in the prior indictment to rely upon the former judgment of acquittal as an estoppel upon all questions of fact within its adjudication which may become material upon the trial.


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