No. 05-17-00873-CV.


Court of Appeals of Texas, Fifth District, Dallas.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Faith Johnson , for State of Texas, Real party in interest.

John Bryan Hodkinson, for Relator, Pro se.

Before Justices Lang, Evans, and Stoddart.


Opinion by Justice CRAIG STODDART.

Before the Court is relator's July 24, 2017 petition for writ of mandamus in which relator complains that the trial court has not confirmed the filing of or ruled on certain motions relator maintains he mailed to the trial court on April 24, 2017. Relator's petition is not properly certified as required by rule 52.3(j) of the rules of appellate procedure and does not include an appendix and record containing the necessary contents set out in rule 52.3(k)(1) and rule 52.7(a). TEX. R. APP. P. 52.3(j), 52.3(k)(1)(a), 52.7(a). Although these deficiencies alone constitute sufficient reasons to deny mandamus relief, in the interest of judicial economy we address the petition.

To be entitled to mandamus relief in a criminal matter, a relator must show that he has no adequate remedy at law to redress his alleged harm, and what he seeks to compel is a ministerial act, not involving a discretionary or judicial decision. State ex rel. Young v. Sixth Judicial Dist. Court of Appeals at Texarkana, 236 S.W.3d 207, 210 (Tex. Crim. App. 2007) (orig. proceeding). Consideration of a motion that is properly filed and before the court is a ministerial act. State ex rel. Curry v. Gray, 726 S.W.2d 125, 128 (Tex. Crim. App. 1987) (orig. proceeding). A relator must establish the trial court (1) had a legal duty to rule on the motion; (2) was asked to rule on the motion; and (3) failed to do so. In re Keeter, 134 S.W.3d 250, 252 (Tex. App.-Waco 2003, orig. proceeding); In re Villarreal, 96 S.W.3d 708, 710 (Tex. App.-Amarillo 2003, orig. proceeding). It is relator's burden to provide the court with a record sufficient to establish his right to relief. Walker v. Packer, 827 S.W.2d 833, 837 (Tex. 1992); TEX. R. APP. P. 52.3(k), 52.7(a).

Here, relator's petition does not include a record showing that he properly filed the motions, that he requested a hearing on the motions or asked the trial court to rule, or that the trial court has refused to rule. As such, relator has not established his entitlement to the extraordinary relief of a writ of mandamus. See In re Florence, No. 14-11-00096-CR, 2011 WL 553241, at *1 (Tex. App.-Houston [14th Dist.] Feb. 17, 2011, no pet.) (absent proof that the motions were properly filed, and that the trial court has been requested to rule on the motions but refused to do so, relator has not established his entitlement to the extraordinary relief of a writ of mandamus).

Accordingly, we deny the petition for writ of mandamus.


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