No. 75378-COA.

WILBERT ROY HOLMES, Appellant, v. RAND BALLARD, Respondents.

Court of Appeals of Nevada.

Filed December 5, 2018.


Wilbert Roy Holmes appeals a district court order dismissing a complaint in a tort action.1 Eighth Judicial District Court, Clark County; Mark B. Bailus, Judge.

In the proceedings below, Wilbert filed suit against respondent Rand Ballard and Wilbert's ex-wife Capucine Holmes, alleging intentional infliction of emotional distress based on his allegation that respondent engaged in an extramarital affair with Capucine, while Capucine was married to Wilbert. The district court granted Rand's motion to dismiss pursuant to NRCP 12(b)(5), and this appeal followed.

An order granting an NRCP 12(b)(5) motion to dismiss is reviewed de novo. Buzz Stew, LLC v. City of N. Las Vegas, 124 Nev. 224, 227-28, 181 P.3d 670, 672 (2008); see also Alcantara v. Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., 130 Nev. 252, 256, 321 P.3d 912, 914 (2014). A decision to dismiss a complaint under NRCP 12(b)(5) is rigorously reviewed on appeal with all alleged facts in the complaint presumed true and all inferences drawn in favor of the complainant. Buzz Stew, 124 Nev. at 227-28, 181 P.3d at 672. This court will affirm the decision to dismiss a complaint under NRCP 12(b)(5) when the complaint's factual allegations do not entitle a plaintiff to relief under the claims asserted. Id.

Here, Wilbert claims injuries based on the alleged extramarital affair and his subsequent divorce from Capucine as a result. Although titled as a claim for intentional infliction of emotional distress, the allegations assert a civil cause of action for alienation of affections and criminal conversation. See Otak Nev., LLC v. Eighth Judicial Dist. Court, 129 Nev. 799, 809, 312 P.3d 491, 498-99 (2013) (explaining that this court analyzes "a claim according to its substance, rather than its label"); Criminal Conversation, Black's Law Dictionary (10th ed. 2014) (defining criminal conversation as "[a] tort action for adultery, brought by a husband against a third party"). Civil tort claims based on adultery have been specifically abolished in Nevada. See NRS 41.380 (abolishing "[a]ll civil causes of action for . . . alienation of affections, and criminal conversation"). Thus, based on our review of the record, we agree that, even taking Wilbert's allegations as true, his complaint fails to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. See Buzz Stew, 124 Nev. at 227-28, 181 P.3d at 672.

Accordingly, we

ORDER the judgment of the district court AFFIRMED.


1. The record demonstrates that Capucine Holmes did not appear in the underlying action, and thus, is not a proper party to this appeal. See Valley Bank of Nev. v. Ginsburg, 110 Nev. 440, 448, 874 P.2d 729, 735 (1994) (explaining that a person who does not appear below is not a party to that action). Thus, the clerk of the court shall amend the caption for this case to conform to the caption on this order.


1000 Characters Remaining

Leagle.com reserves the right to edit or remove comments but is under no obligation to do so, or to explain individual moderation decisions.

User Comments

Listed below are the cases that are cited in this Featured Case. Click the citation to see the full text of the cited case. Citations are also linked in the body of the Featured Case.

Cited Cases

  • No Cases Found

Listed below are those cases in which this Featured Case is cited. Click on the case name to see the full text of the citing case.

Citing Cases