DA 17-0492.

435 P.3d 603 (2018)

393 Mont. 446

2018 MT 306

Kendra ESPINOZA, Jeri Ellen Anderson, and Jaime Schaefer, Plaintiffs and Appellees, v. MONTANA DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE, and Mike Kadas, in His Official Capacity as Director of the Montana Department of Revenue, Defendants and Appellants.

Supreme Court of Montana.

Submitted: April 10, 2018.

Decided: December 12, 2018.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

For Appellants: Daniel J. Whyte (argued), Brendan Beatty , Nicholas J. Gochis , Special Assistant Attorneys General, Helena, Montana.

For Appellees: William W. Mercer (argued), Holland & Hart LLP, Billings, Montana, Richard D. Komer (argued), Erica Smith , Institute for Justice, Arlington, Virginia.

For Amicus American Civil Liberties Union, ACLU of Montana Foundation, Inc., Americans United for Separation of Church and State, and the Anti-Defamation League: Alex J. Luchenitser , American United for Separation of Church and State, Washington, District of Columbia, James Goetz , Goetz, Baldwin and Geddes, P.C., Bozeman, Montana, Heather L. Weaver , American Civil Liberties Union, Washington, District of Columbia, Alex Rate , ACLU of Montana Foundation, Missoula, Montana.

For Amicus Montana Quality Education Coalition: Karl J. Englund , Karl J. Englund, P.C., Missoula, Montana, Jonathan McDonald (argued), McDonald Law Office, PLLC, Helena, Montana.

For Amicus United States: John M. Gore , Acting Assistant Attorney General, Eric W. Treene , Thomas E. Chandler , Bethany Pickett , Department of Justice, Washington, District of Columbia, Kurt G. Alme , United States Attorney, Leif Johnson , First Assistant United States Attorney, Billings, Montana.

For Amicus The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty: Charles A. Harball , Kalispell City Attorney, Kalispell, Montana, Eric C. Rassbach , Joseph C. Davis , The Becket Fund for Religious Liberty, Washington, District of Columbia.

For Amicus Alliance for Choice in Education Scholarships: Anita Y. Milanovich , The Bopp Law Firm, PC, Bozeman, Montana.

For Amicus Pride School Atlanta: Thomas Hydrick , Baker Botts L.L.P., Washington, District of Columbia, Chris J. Gallus , Gallus Law Firm, Helena, Montana.

For Amicus EdChoice: Kristin Hansen , Kristin Hansen, PLLC, Helena, Montana, Russell Menyhart , Taft Stettinius & Hollister LLP, Indianapolis, Indiana, Leslie Davis Hiner , EdChoice, Indianapolis, Indiana.

For Amicus Agudath Israel of America: Jennifer Wendt Bordy , Attorney at Law, Bozeman, Montana, Mordechai Biser , Agudath Israel of America, New York, New York.

¶ 1 The Montana Department of Revenue (the Department) appeals from an order of the Eleventh Judicial District Court, Flathead County, granting Kendra Espinoza, Jeri Ellen Anderson, and Jaime Schaefer (collectively, Plaintiffs) summary judgment. The Department is responsible for administering...

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