962 N.W.2d 471 (2021)

Jennifer SCHROEDER, et al., Appellants, v. Minnesota Secretary of State Steve SIMON, Respondent.

Court of Appeals of Minnesota.

Filed May 24, 2021.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Craig S. Coleman , Thomas K. Pryor , Kirsten L. Elfstrand , Faegre Drinker Biddle & Reath, L.L.P., Minneapolis, Minnesota; and Teresa J. Nelson , David P. McKinney , American Civil Liberties Union of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota (for appellants).

Keith Ellison , Attorney General, Angela Behrens , Jason Marisam , Assistant Attorneys General, St. Paul, Minnesota (for respondent).

Tara Kalar , St. Paul, Minnesota (for amicus curiae ISAIAH).

Joseph Plumer , Plumer Law Office, Bemidji, Minnesota; and Riley Plumer , Hobbs, Straus, Dean & Walker, L.L.P., Washington, D.C. (for amicus curiae Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians).

Marc A. Al , Andrew J. Pieper , Riley A. Conlin , Emily C. Atmore , Stoel Rives, L.L.P., Minneapolis, Minnesota (for amici curiae League of Women Voters Minnesota, Common Cause Minnesota, The Minnesota Second Chance Coalition, and New Venture Fund o/b/o Voting Rights Lab).

Lyndsey M. Olson , St. Paul City Attorney, Anthony G. Edwards , Megan D. Hafner , Assistant City Attorneys, St. Paul, Minnesota; and James R. Rowader, Jr. , Minneapolis City Attorney, Minneapolis, Minnesota (for amici curiae City of St. Paul and City of Minneapolis).

Bradford Colbert , Kevin Gray , St. Paul, Minnesota (for amicus curiae Legal Assistance to Minnesota Prisoners).

Joshua Esmay , Minneapolis, Minnesota (for amicus curiae Legal Rights Center).

Emily Hunt Turner , Minneapolis, Minnesota (for amicus curiae All Square).

Mark R. Bradford , Maria P. Brekke , Bassford Remele, P.A., Minneapolis, Minnesota (for amicus curiae Minnesota Association of Black Lawyers).

John Choi , Ramsey County Attorney, Jeffrey A. Wald , Assistant County Attorney, St. Paul, Minnesota (for amicus curiae Ramsey County Attorney's Office).

Henry Allen Blair , Greene Espel, P.L.L.P., Minneapolis, Minnesota (for amicus curiae Volunteers of America).

Katherine M. Swenson , Greene Espel, P.L.L.P., Minneapolis, Minnesota (for amici curiae the District of Columbia, California, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington).

Considered and decided by Hooten, Presiding Judge; Johnson, Judge; and Slieter, Judge.


The Minnesota Constitution provides that a person who has been convicted of a felony is not entitled to vote "unless restored to civil rights." A statute provides that a felon's civil rights are restored when the felon is discharged, which occurs automatically upon the expiration of the felon's sentence. The appellants...


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