PROPOSED ] STIPULATED PROTECTIVE ORDER
ALKA SAGAR, Magistrate Judge.
PURPOSES AND LIMITATIONS
Discovery in the Litigation is likely to involve production of confidential, proprietary, or private information for which special protection from public disclosure and from use for any purpose other than prosecuting and defending this litigation may be warranted. Accordingly, the parties hereby stipulate to and petition the Court to enter the following Stipulated Protective Order. The parties acknowledge that this Order does not confer blanket protections on all disclosures or responses to discovery and that the protection it affords from public disclosure and use extends only to the limited information or items that are entitled to confidential treatment under the applicable legal principles. The parties further acknowledge, as set forth in Section 12.3, below, that this Stipulated Protective Order does not entitle them to file confidential information under seal. Rather, when the parties seek permission from the court to file materials under seal, the parties must comply with C.D. Local Rule 79-5 and with any pertinent orders of the assigned District Judge and Magistrate Judge. See, e.g., Standing Order, ¶ 9 (Docket No. 9). Nothing in this Protective Order supersedes existing independent statutory, law enforcement, national security, or regulatory obligations imposed on a party, and this Stipulated Protective Order does not prohibit or absolve the parties from complying with such other obligations
GOOD CAUSE STATEMENT
This Litigation is likely to involve information and documents which may be subject to limitations on disclosure due to federal laws, state laws, privileges and/or privacy rights concerning the disclosure of confidential medical information, trade secrets, or proprietary information. Accordingly, to expedite the flow of information, to facilitate the prompt resolution of disputes over confidentiality of discovery materials, to adequately protect information the parties are entitled to keep confidential, to ensure that the parties are permitted reasonable necessary uses of such material in connection with this action, to address their handling at the end of the litigation, and to serve the ends of justice, a protective order for such information is justified in this matter. The parties shall not designate any information/documents as confidential for tactical reasons or without a good faith belief that it has been maintained in a confidential, non-public manner, and there is good cause or compelling reasons why it should not be part of the public record of this case.
CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION
This Litigation involves documents and information that are likely to contain certain individually identifiable health information (defined as health information that is connected to a patient's name, address, social security number or other identifying number). Information produced may be subject to the provisions of the Privacy Act (5 U.S.C. § 552a), the HIPAA Privacy and Security Rule (45 C.F.R. Parts 160, 162, 164), or the provisions of 42 U.S.C. § 1306, or there may be no waiver by the patient to produce the records to any entity outside the requested or subpoenaed person. The Producing Party may produce the information in an unredacted form and shall designate this information as confidential in the manner set forth in paragraph 5 below. All Parties receiving this designated information shall not file these documents or information, submit them to the Court, or reproduce their contents in any court filing unless the information is submitted for filing under seal or all information that would identify the subject of the document or information has been removed or redacted.
The protections conferred by this Stipulation and Order cover not only Protected Material (as defined above), but also (1) any information copied or extracted from Protected Material; (2) all copies, excerpts, summaries, or compilations of Protected Material; and (3) any deposition testimony, conversations, or presentations by Parties or their Counsel that might reveal Protected Material, other than during a court hearing or trial.
Any use of Protected Material during a court hearing or trial shall be governed by the orders of the presiding judge. This Order does not govern the use of Protected Material during a court hearing or trial.
Even after final disposition of this litigation, the confidentiality obligations imposed by this Order shall remain in effect until a Designating Party agrees otherwise in writing or a court order otherwise directs. Final disposition shall be deemed to be the later of (1) dismissal of all claims and defenses in this Litigation, with or without prejudice; and (2) final judgment herein after the completion and exhaustion of all appeals, rehearings, remands, trials, or reviews of this Litigation, including the time limits for filing any motions or applications for extension of time pursuant to applicable law.
DESIGNATING PROTECTED MATERIAL
If it comes to a Designating Party's attention that information or items that it designated for protection do not qualify for protection, that Designating Party must promptly notify all other Parties that it is withdrawing the inapplicable designation.
(a) For information in documentary form (e.g., paper or electronic documents, but excluding electronic information produced in native form or in a format that is not amenable to visible endorsement on the image, and also excluding transcripts of depositions or other pretrial or trial proceedings), that the Producing Party affix the legend "CONFIDENTIAL" or "CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION" to each page of the document that contains protected material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins).
(b) For electronic information that is provided in native form or a format that is not amenable to visible endorsement on the image, the file name(s) shall begin with "CONFIDENTIAL" or "CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION."
(c) A Party or Non-Party that makes original documents available for inspection need not designate them for protection until after the inspecting Party has indicated which documents it would like copied and produced. During the inspection and before the designation, all of the material made available for inspection shall be deemed "CONFIDENTIAL." After the inspecting Party has identified the documents it wants copied and produced, the Producing Party must determine which documents qualify for protection under this Order. Then, before producing the specified documents, the Producing Party must affix the "CONFIDENTIAL or CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION legend" to each page of the document that contains Protected Material. If only a portion or portions of the material on a page qualifies for protection, the Producing Party also must clearly identify the protected portion(s) (e.g., by making appropriate markings in the margins). If the original documents made available for inspection that are designated for copying include materials produced in native file format, or that are in a format that is not amenable to visible endorsement on the image, the Producing Party shall comply with the direction in subparagraph (b) of this Paragraph regarding their production.
(d) For testimony given in depositions that the Designating Party identify the Disclosure or Discovery Material on the record, or by letter from counsel within thirty days of receipt of the official deposition transcript or copy thereof (or written notification that the transcript is available), listing the specific pages and lines of the transcript and any exhibits that should be treated as Protected Material. The entire deposition transcript (including any exhibits not previously produced in discovery in this Litigation) shall be treated as Protected Material under this Order until the expiration of the above-referenced 30-day period for designation, except that the deponent (and his or her counsel, if any) may review the transcript of his or her own deposition during the 30-day period subject to this Order and the requirement of executing the certification attached as Exhibit A. After designation of Protected Material is made, the following shall be placed on the front of the original and each copy of a deposition transcript containing Protected Material: "CONFIDENTIAL — SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER" or "CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION." If the deposition was filmed, both the recording storage medium (i.e. CD or DVD) and its container shall be labeled "CONFIDENTIAL — SUBJECT TO PROTECIVE ORDER" or "CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION."
(e) For information produced in some form other than documentary and for any other tangible items, that the Producing Party affix in a prominent place on the exterior of the container or containers in which the information is stored the legend "CONFIDENTIAL — SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER" or "CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION." If only a portion or portions of the information warrants protection, the Producing Party, to the extent practicable, shall identify the protected portion(s).
(f) For interrogatory answers and responses to requests for admissions, designation of Protected Material shall be made by placing within each interrogatory answer or response to requests for admission asserted to contain Protected Material the following: "CONFIDENTIAL — SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER" or `CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION."
CHALLENGING CONFIDENTIALITY DESIGNATIONS
6.3 The burden of persuasion in any such challenge proceeding shall be on the Designating Party. Frivolous challenges, and those made for an improper purpose (e.g., to harass or impose unnecessary expenses and burdens on other parties) may expose the Challenging Party to sanctions. Unless the Designating Party has waived or withdrawn the confidentiality designation, all parties shall continue to afford the material in question the level of protection to which it is entitled under the Producing Party's designation until the Court rules on the challenge.
6.4 After a designation as Protected Material is removed or withdrawn by the Designating Party or by the Court, the Designating Party must provide to the Receiving Party replacement documents, files, or information that is free from any marking is or designations as Protected Material. The replacement versions shall be provided in the same format as the information that is to be replaced, unless otherwise agreed to by the Parties. The presumptive time for providing the replacement information shall be ten days, but the Designating Party must in good faith provide the information in a reasonable time, considering any agreements with the Receiving Party, the volume of information to be re-produced, and the nature or format of the information.
ACCESS TO AND USE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL
Protected Material must be stored and maintained by a Receiving Party at a location and in a secure manner that ensures that access is limited to the persons authorized under this Order.
(a) the Receiving Party's Outside Counsel of Record in this Litigation, as well as employees of said Outside Counsel of Record to whom it is reasonably necessary to disclose the information for this Litigation;
(b) the officers, directors, and employees (including In-house Counsel) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Litigation and who have received a copy of this Order;
(c) Experts (as defined in this Order) of the Receiving Party to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Litigation and who received a copy of this Order
(d) the court and its personnel;
(e) court reporters and their staff;
(f) professional jury or trial consultants, mock jurors, and Professional Vendors, to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary for this Litigation and who have received a copy of this Order;
(g) witnesses and potential witnesses, including their counsel, provided each such person first receives a copy of this Order;
(h) during their depositions, witnesses, and attorneys for witnesses, in the Litigation to whom disclosure is reasonably necessary provided that (1) the deposing party provides the witness with a copy of this Order; and (2) the witness will not be permitted to keep any Protected Material, unless otherwise agreed by the Designating Party or ordered by the court. Pages of transcribed deposition testimony or exhibits to depositions that reveal Protected Material may be separately bound by the court reporter and may not be disclosed to anyone except as permitted under this Order; and
(i) any mediator, arbitrator or settlement officer, and their supporting personnel, mutually agreed upon by any of the parties engaged in settlement discussions.
PROTECTED MATERIAL SUBPOENAED OR ORDERED PRODUCEDIN OTHER LITIGATION
If a Party is served with a subpoena or a court order issued in other litigation that compels disclosure of any information or items designated in this Litigation as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION" that Party must:
(a) promptly notify in writing the Designating Party. Such notification shall include a copy of the subpoena or court order;
(b) promptly notify in writing the party who caused the subpoena or order to issue in the other litigation that some or all of the material covered by the subpoena or order is subject to this Protective Order. Such notification shall include a copy of this Stipulated Protective Order; and
(c) cooperate with respect to all reasonable procedures sought to be pursued by the Designating Party whose Protected Material may be affected. If the Designating Party timely seeks a protective order, the Party served with the subpoena or court order shall not produce any information designated in this Litigation as "CONFIDENTIAL," or "CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION" before a determination by the court from which the subpoena or order issued, unless the Party has obtained the Designating Party's permission or unless otherwise required by the law or court order. Absent a court order to the contrary, the Designating Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking protection in that court of its confidential material and nothing in these provisions should be construed as authorizing or encouraging a Receiving Party in this Litigation to disobey a lawful directive from another court.
A NON-PARTY'S PROTECTED MATERIAL SOUGHT TO BE PRODUCED IN THIS LITIGATION
(a) The terms of this Order are applicable to information produced by a Non-Party in connection with this Litigation, including the United States' investigation of Relator's allegations, and designated as "CONFIDENTIAL" or "CONFIDENTIAL HEALTH INFORMATION". Such information produced by Non-Parties in connection with this litigation is protected by the remedies and relief provided by this Order. Nothing in these provisions should be construed as prohibiting a Non-Party from seeking additional protections.
(b) In the event that a Party is required, by a valid discovery request, to produce a Non-Party's confidential information in its possession, and the Party is subject to an agreement with the Non-Party not to produce the Non-Party's confidential information, then the Party shall:
(1) promptly notify in writing the Requesting Party and the Non-Party that some or all of the information requested is subject to a confidentiality agreement with a Non-Party;
(2) promptly provide the Non-Party with a copy of this Order in this Litigation, the relevant discovery request(s), and a reasonably specific description of the information requested; and
(3) make the information requested available for inspection by the Non-Party, if requested.
(c) If a Non-Party represented by counsel fails to commence the process called for by Local Rules 45-1 and 37-1, et seq. within 14 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information or fails contemporaneously to notify the Receiving Party that it has done so, the Receiving Party may produce the Non-Party's confidential information responsive to the discovery request. If an unrepresented Non-Party fails to seek a protective order from this court within 14 days of receiving the notice and accompanying information, the Receiving Party may produce the Non-Party's Confidential Information responsive to the discovery request. If the Non-Party timely seeks a protective order, the Receiving Party shall not produce any information in its possession or control that is subject to the confidentiality agreement with the Non-Party before a determination by the court unless otherwise required by the law or court order. Absent a court order to the contrary, the Non-Party shall bear the burden and expense of seeking protection in this court of its Protected Material.
UNAUTHORIZED DISCLOSURE OF PROTECTED MATERIAL
If a Receiving Party learns that, by inadvertence or otherwise, it has disclosed Protected Material to any person or in any circumstance not authorized under this Order, the Receiving Party must immediately (a) notify in writing the Designating Party of the unauthorized disclosures, (b) use its best efforts to retrieve all unauthorized copies of the Protected Material, (c) inform the person or persons to whom unauthorized disclosures were made of all the terms of this Order.
INADVERTENT PRODUCTION OF PRIVILEGED OR OTHERWISE PROTECTED MATERIAL
When a Producing Party gives notice to Receiving Parties that certain inadvertently produced material is subject to a claim of privilege or other protection, the obligations of the Receiving Parties are those set forth in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26(b)(5)(B). This provision is not intended to modify whatever procedure may be established in an e-discovery order that provides for production without prior privilege review.
After the final disposition of this Litigation, as defined in paragraph 4, within 60 days of a written request by the Designating Party, each Receiving Party must return all Protected Material to the Producing Party or destroy such material. As used in this subdivision, "all Protected Material" includes all copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries, and any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Whether the Protected Material is returned or destroyed, the Receiving Party must submit a written certification to the Producing Party (and, if not the same person or entity, to the Designating Party) by the 60 day deadline that: (1) identifies (by category, where appropriate) all the Protected Material that was returned or destroyed, and (2) affirms that the Receiving Party has not retained any copies, abstracts, compilations, summaries or any other format reproducing or capturing any of the Protected Material. Notwithstanding this provision, Counsel are entitled to retain an archival copy of all pleadings, motion papers, trial, deposition, and hearing transcripts, legal memoranda, correspondence, deposition and trial exhibits, expert reports, attorney work product, and consultant and expert work product, even if such materials contain Protected Material. Any such archival copies that contain or constitute Protected Material remain subject to this Protective Order as set forth in Section 4 (DURATION). The United States Attorney's Office for the Central District of California, the Civil Division of the Department of Justice, and the Office of the Inspector General of the Department of Health and Human Services shall each have the right to maintain one copy of such documents for their master files.
DISCLOSURE TO AGENCIES OR DEPARTMENTS OF THE UNITED STATES OR OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA
Nothing contained in this Order shall prevent or in any way limit or impair the right of the United States or of the State of California to disclose to any agency or department of the United States or of the State of California, or any division of any such agency or department, designated confidential documents or electronically stored information relating to any potential violation of law or regulation, or relating to any matter within that agency's or department's jurisdiction. Nor shall anything contained in this Order prevent or in any way limit or impair the use of any such designated confidential documents or electronically stored information by an agency or department in any proceeding relating to any potential violation of law or regulation, or relating to any matter within that agency's or department's jurisdiction, provided, however, that the agency or department shall maintain the confidentiality of the designated confidential documents or electronically stored information consistent with the terms of this Order.
DISCLOSURES TO THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS
Nothing contained in this Order shall prevent or in any way limit or impair the right of the United States to provide designated confidential documents or electronically stored information to a Congressional entity, provided, however that the United States shall notify the Congressional entity requesting the documents or electronically stored information that the designated confidential documents or electronically stored information have been produced pursuant to this Order and shall, if there are no objections interposed by the Congressional entity requesting the documents or electronically stored information, use reasonable efforts to notify the Producing Party of the Congressional entity's request and the United States' response thereto.
16. Notwithstanding Section 10 of this Order, any violation of this Order may be punished by any and all appropriate measures including, without limitation, contempt proceedings and/or monetary sanctions.
FOR GOOD CAUSE SHOWN, IT IS SO ORDERED.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND
The undersigned has read and understands the foregoing Protective Order (the "Protective Order") entered by the Court in Prime Healthcare Services — Sherman Oaks, LLC v. Thomas E. Price, No. 17-cv-01551-RGK (ASx), which is currently pending in the United States District Court for the Central District of California. I understand its contents, and hereby undertake and agree to be bound by the terms of the Protective Order. Specifically and without limitation, the undersigned agrees not to use or disclose any information that is designated as subject to the Protective Order and made available to me, other than as provided by the Protective Order. The undersigned acknowledges further that my duties under the Protective Order shall survive the termination of this case and that failure to comply with the terms of the Protective Order may result in the imposition of sanctions by the Court and any other sanction authorized by law. I also hereby consent to the personal jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Central District of California for the purpose of enforcing the aforementioned Order.