Attorney(s) appearing for the Case
ARGUED: Samantha K. Harris , ALLEN HARRIS PLLC, Narberth, Pennsylvania, for Appellant. Eric M. David , BROOKS, PIERCE, MCLENDON, HUMPHREY & LEONARD, LLP, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellees. ON BRIEF: Jonathan A. Vogel , VOGEL LAW FIRM PLLC, Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellant. Joshua H. Stein , Attorney General, Kari R. Johnson , Special Deputy Attorney General, Vanessa N. Totten , Special Deputy Attorney General, NORTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellees. Kathryn D. Valois , Palm Beach Gardens, Florida, Ethan W. Blevins , Daniel M. Ortner , PACIFIC LEGAL FOUNDATION, Sacramento, California, for Amici Elizabeth Weiss and Pacific Legal Foundation. Darpana M. Sheth , Jeffrey D. Zeman , Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, JT Morris , FOUNDATION FOR INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND EXPRESSION, Washington, D.C., for Amicus Foundation for Individual Rights and Expression.
Affirmed by published opinion. Judge Thacker wrote the opinion in which Judge Wynn joined. Judge Richardson wrote an opinion dissenting.
THACKER, Circuit Judge:
Stephen Porter ("Appellant") filed suit alleging that he suffered adverse employment action in retaliation for unpopular protected speech. The district court dismissed Appellant's complaint. Upon review, we affirm the dismissal because we find that Appellant has failed to allege a causal connection between the only communication...
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