No. 21-35010.

38 F.4th 1163 (2022)

Ed BUTCHER; Lonny Bergstrom, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Austin KNUDSEN, in his official capacity as Attorney General of Montana; Jeffrey Mangan, in his official capacity as Montana Commissioner of Political Practices, Defendants-Appellees.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed July 6, 2022.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Matthew G. Monforton (argued), Monforton Law Offices PLLC, Bozeman, Montana, for Plaintiffs-Appellants.

Jeremiah Langston (argued), Assistant Attorney General; J. Stuart Segrest , Chief, Civil Bureau; Austin Knudsen , Attorney General; Office of the Attorney General, Helena, Montana; for Defendants-Appellees.

Dissent by Judge W. Fletcher.


Two retirees, Ed Butcher and Lonny Bergstrom, operate a website that tracks the voting records of Republican state legislators in Montana. Several local Republican groups in Montana took an interest in the website and invited Butcher and Bergstrom to speak...

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