Attorney(s) appearing for the Case
Rodney Austin , Rodney R. Austin PLLC, Fresh Meadows, NY ( Marcel P. Denis , Denis Law Group, PLLC, Brooklyn, NY, on the brief), for Plaintiffs-Appellants.
James I. McClammy ( James H.R. Windels , Robert G. King , on the brief), Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP, New York, NY, for Defendant-Appellee Unigestion Holding, S.A., DBA Digicel Haiti.
Andrew P. Fishkin , Fishkin Lucks LLP, New York, NY, for Defendant-Appellee The Western Union Company.
Stephen H. Nakamura , Andrew R. Peck , Merle Brown & Nakamura P.C., New York, NY, for Defendant-Appellee Caribbean Air Mail, Inc.
Oliver M. Birman , Benjamin L. Reiss , Paul D. Turner , Perlman, Bajandas, Yevoli & Albright, P.L., Fort Lauderdale, FL; Kieran M. Corcoran , Stinson LLP, New York, NY, for Defendants-Appellees Unitransfer USA, Inc., and Unibank, S.A.
Bertrand Madsen , Madsen Law P.C., New York, NY, for Defendants-Appellees Michel Joseph Martelly, Jocelerme Privert, Jovenel Moise, and Government of Haiti.
Macx L. Jean-Louis , Law Offices of Macx L. Jean-Louis P.C., New York, NY, for Defendant-Appellee Natcom S.A.
Judge Newman concurs in a separate opinion.
Park, Circuit Judge.
Under the act of state doctrine, U.S. courts may not declare the official acts of a foreign sovereign to be invalid. But the doctrine does not bar our adjudication of whether those same acts are wrongful under a cause of action properly brought before us. See W.S. Kirkpatrick & Co. v. Env't Tectonics Corp., Int'l,
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