Nos. 14-16601, 14-17068.

802 F.3d 1049 (2015)

Edward C. O'BANNON, Jr., On Behalf of Himself and All Others Similarly Situated, Plaintiff-Appellee, v. NATIONAL COLLEGIATE ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION, aka The NCAA, Defendant-Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit.

Filed September 30, 2015.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Seth P. Waxman (argued), Leon B. Greenfield , Daniel S. Volchok , David M. Lehn , Weili J. Shaw , Matthew J. Tokson , Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP, Washington, D.C.; Glenn D. Pomerantz , Kelly M. Klaus , Luis Li , Rohit K. Singla , Carolyn H. Luedtke , Thane Rehn , Justin P. Raphael , Jeslyn A. Miller , Munger, Tolles, & Olson LLP, San Francisco, CA; Gregory L. Curtner , Robert J. Wierenga , Kimberly K. Kefalas , Suzanne L. Wahl , Schiff Hardin LLP, Ann Arbor, MI, for Defendant-Appellant.

Michael D. Hausfeld (argued), Hilary K. Scherrer , Sathya S. Gosselin , Swathi Bojedla , Hausfeld LLP, Washington, D.C.; Michael P. Lehmann , Bruce Wecker , Hausfeld LLP, San Francisco, CA; Jonathan Massey, Massey & Gail LLP, Washington, D.C., for Plaintiffs-Appellees.

Jonathan M. Jacobson , Daniel P. Weick , Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati Professional Corporation, New York, NY, for Amici Curiae Antitrust Scholars.

Allen P. Grunes , Maurice E. Stucke , The Konkurrenz Group, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae Law and Economics and Antitrust Scholars.

Nathan Siegel , Patrick Kabat , Levine Sullivan Koch & Schulz, LLP, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae A & E Television Networks, LLC, ABC, Inc., CBS Corporation, Discovery Communications, LLC, Fox Broadcasting Company, National Public Radio, Inc., NBCUniversal Media, LLC, The Reporter's Committee for Freedom of the Press, and Turner Broadcasting System, Inc.

Martin Michaelson , William L. Monts III , Joel D. Buckman , Hogan Lovells U.S. LLP, Washington, D.C.; Ada Meloy, General Counsel, American Council on Education, Washington, D.C., for Amici Curiae American Council on Education, Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges, and National Association of Independent Colleges and Universities.

Duncan W. Crabtree-Ireland , Danielle S. Van Lier , Screen Actors Guild-American Federation of Television and Radio Artists, Los Angeles, CA; Jonathan Faber , Luminary Group LLC, Shelbyville, IN, for Amici Curiae Screen Actors Guild-American Federation of Television & Radio Artists and Luminary Group LLC.

James B. Speta , Chicago, IL; Ernest A. Young , Apex, North Carolina, for Amici Curiae Intellectual Property and First Amendment Scholars.

Steve W. Berman , Hagens Berman Sobol Shapiro LLP, Seattle, WA; Jeff D. Friedman , Jon T. King , Hagens Berman Sobol Shapiro LLP, Berkeley, CA, for Amicus Curiae Alston Kindler Group.

Jeffrey L. Kessler , David G. Feher , David L. Greenspan , Timothy M. Nevius , Joseph A. Litman , Winston & Strawn LLP, New York, NY; Steffen N. Johnson , Winston & Strawn LLP, Washington, D.C.; Derek J. Sarafa , Winston & Strawn LLP, Chicago, IL, for Amici Curiae Martin Jenkins, Nigel Hayes, and Alec James.

Steven N. Williams , Adam J. Zapala , Cotchett, Pitre & McCarthy, LLP, Burlingame, CA, for Amici Curiae Economists and Professors of Sports Management.

Richard G. Johnson , Richard G. Johnson Co., L.P.A., Cleveland, OH, for Amicus Curiae Andrew A. Oliver.

Michael J. Boni , Joshua D. Snyder , John E. Sindoni , Boni & Zack LLC, Bala Cynwyd, PA, for Amici Curiae Sports Management Professors.

David Martinez , Robins Kaplan LLP, Los Angeles, CA, for Amici Curiae Twenty-Six Scholars of Antitrust and Sports Law.

Partial Concurrence and Partial Dissent by Chief Judge THOMAS.


Section 1 of the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890, 15 U.S.C. § 1, prohibits "[e]very contract, combination ..., or conspiracy, in restraint of trade or commerce." For more than a century, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) has prescribed rules governing the eligibility of athletes at its...

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