No. 11-1718.

706 F.3d 47 (2013)

UNITED STATES of America, v. Carolyn KRAVETZ and Boris Levitin, Defendants, Appellees Jim Edwards, Movant, Appellant.

United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit.

January 30, 2013.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

Jeremy Kutner , Yale Law School, Media Freedom & Information Clinic, with whom Douglas Curtis , Eliza M. Scheibel and Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP were on brief, for appellant.

Robert L. Peabody , with whom Collora LLP was on brief, for appellee Boris Levitin.

Joseph J. Balliro, Sr. , with whom Balliro & Mondano was on brief, for appellee Carolyn Kravetz.

Randall E. Kromm , Assistant United States Attorney, with whom Carmen M. Ortiz , United States Attorney, was on brief, for the United States.

Before LYNCH, Chief Judge, LIPEZ and HOWARD, Circuit Judges.

HOWARD, Circuit Judge.

Jim Edwards, a journalist, appeals from an order of the district court declining his request to make public various documents filed under seal in a criminal case. For the reasons set forth below, we vacate in part and remand.


In 2008, a federal grand jury indicted co-defendants Carolyn Kravetz and Boris Levitin on charges stemming from a scheme to defraud restaurant franchisor Dunkin' Brands Incorporated ("Dunkin' Brands...


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