No. 11-1796.

684 F.3d 435 (2012)

Bizzie WALTERS; Annie Hodge; Annette Baldwin; Katrena Cooper; Barbara Allen, on behalf of themselves and all those similarly situated, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. Todd McMAHEN; Tol Dozier; Nancy Hollis; Alberto Asyn; Richard Jamison; Jim Hungate; Amparo Herrera; Maria Salizar Gonzalez; Jeff Beckman; Jerry Layne; David Castro; Angie Wood; Julio Unzueta; Elana Fernandez; Jim Booth; Terry Ashby; Jeanette Cox; Leslie Cox; Randy Brown; Efrem Andrews; Gilberto Fernando Rivera; Bennie Gray; Charlie Carpenter; Bel Holden; Rob Heflin; Gary Miller; Emperatriz Paola Beatty; Sandra Herrera; Gustavo Gus Paez, Defendants-Appellees, and Elana Asyn, Defendant, Perdue Farms Incorporated, Movant.

United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit.

Decided: July 5, 2012.

Attorney(s) appearing for the Case

ARGUED: Howard W. Foster , Foster PC, Chicago, Illinois, for Appellants. Maurice Baskin , Venable, LLP, Washington, D.C., for Appellees. ON BRIEF: Matthew A. Galin , Foster PC, Chicago, Illinois, for Appellants. Brooks R. Amiot , Jackson Lewis LLP, Baltimore, Maryland, Allan S. Rubin , Jackson Lewis LLP, Southfield, Michigan, for Appellees Efrem Andrews, Terry Ashby, Alberto Asyn, Jeff Beckman, Jim Booth, Randy Brown, Charles Carpenter, Jeanette Cox, Leslie Cox, Tol Dozier, Helena Fernandez, Bennie Gray, Rob Heflin, Amparo Herrera, Bel Holden, Nancy Hollis, Jim Hungate, Richard Jamison, Jerry Layne, Todd McMahen, Naaman Garrett Miller, Gualberto Rivera, and Angie Wood; William J. Hughes, Jr. , Cooper Levenson , Atlantic City, New Jersey, David Daneman , Bishop, Daneman & Reiff, LLC, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellees David Castro, Maria Salizar Gonzalez, Sandra Herrera, and Julio Unzueta.

Affirmed by published opinion. Judge KEENAN wrote the opinion, in which Judge NIEMEYER and Judge SEYMOUR joined.



In this case, a group of hourly-wage employees of Perdue Farms, Inc. (Perdue), a major poultry processing company, filed a civil conspiracy action under 18 U.S.C. § 1962(d) of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO), 18 U.S.C. § 1961 et seq. These hourly-wage employees (the plaintiffs) alleged that certain corporate managers of Perdue, human resources staff, and plant managers...


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